saturation

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saturation,

of an organic compound, condition occurring when its molecules contain no double or triple bonds and thus cannot undergo addition reactions. For example, ethane (H3C-CH3) is a saturated compound. A compound is called unsaturated if it can undergo addition reactions. In the unsaturated compound ethene (H2C=CH2), the carbon-carbon double bond readily reacts, e.g., with hydrogen to form ethane.

saturation,

of a solution: see solutionsolution,
in chemistry, homogeneous mixture of two or more substances. The dissolving medium is called the solvent, and the dissolved material is called the solute. A solution is distinct from a colloid or a suspension.
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Saturation

The purity of a hue; the higher the saturation, the purer the color.

saturation

[‚sach·ə′rā·shən]
(electronics)
The condition that occurs when a transistor is driven so that it becomes biased in the forward direction (the collector becomes positive with respect to the base, for example, in a pnp type of transistor).
(electromagnetism)
(meteorology)
The maximum water vapor per unit volume that a parcel of air can contain at a given temperature.
(nucleonics)
The condition in which the decay rate of a given radionuclide is equal to its rate of production in an induced nuclear reaction.
The condition in which the voltage applied to an ionization chamber is high enough to collect all the ions formed by radiation but not high enough to produce ionization by collision.
(optics)
(ordnance)
The striking of a target area with such numbers of missiles that no place in it remains untouched by destruction.
(physics)
The condition in which a further increase in some cause produces no further increase in the resultant effect.
The property exhibited by certain forces between particles wherein each particle can interact strongly with only a limited number of other particles, as in the forces between atoms in a molecule, and between nucleons in a nucleus.
(physical chemistry)
The condition in which the partial pressure of any fluid constituent is equal to its maximum possible partial pressure under the existing environmental conditions, such that any increase in the amount of that constituent will initiate within it a change to a more condensed state.

saturation

1. The condition under which air at a given temperature and pressure holds the maximum amount of water vapor without causing precipitation.
2. The degree of purity of a color. A color is said to be saturated when it contains no white.

saturation

The condition of the atmosphere when the actual water vapor present in the air is the maximum the air can hold at the prevailing temperature (i.e., the relative humidity is 100%).

saturation

1. Chem the state of a chemical compound, solution, or vapour when it is saturated
2. Meteorol the state of the atmosphere when it can hold no more water vapour at its particular temperature and pressure, the relative humidity then being 100 per cent
3. the attribute of a colour that enables an observer to judge its proportion of pure chromatic colour
4. Physics the state of a ferromagnetic material in which it is fully magnetized. The magnetic domains are then all fully aligned
5. Electronics the state of a valve or semiconductor device that is carrying the maximum current of which it is capable and is therefore unresponsive to further increases of input signal
6. the level beyond which demand for a product or service is not expected to increase

saturation

(1) On magnetic media, a condition in which the magnetizable particles are completely aligned and a more powerful writing signal will not improve the reading back.

(2) In a bipolar transistor, a condition in which the current on the gate (the trigger) is equal to or greater than what is necessary to close the switch.

(3) In a diode, a condition in which the diode is fully conducting.

(4) In a color, the amount of pure pigment it contains. For example, a fully saturated red would be pure red. The less saturated, the more pastel the appearance. See HSB, HSL, chroma, luminance and hue.
References in periodicals archive ?
The arterial oxygen saturation did not show any statistically significant difference in pregnant women in any trimester as compared to the non-pregnant women (Tables 1 and 2).
Biodata, history, pre-and post-ductal oxygen saturation measurement and echocardiographic findings were recorded on a pre-designed proforma.
From the corresponding region image, the R maps (images) were obtained by estimating the "R" parameter corresponding to the oxygen saturation based on the pixel values.
While laboratory testing by the manufacturer has found acceptable precision values ([+ or -]2% for oxygen saturation values 80%-99%) (Maxtec, 2014), clinical studies are needed to determine how well the device performs in acutely ill patients, especially when oxygen saturation is abnormal.
Evaluation of arterial oxygen saturation of the newborn in the labor and delivery suite.
In such situations it is of great value to be able to perform noninvasive and accurate measurements of my heart rate and oxygen saturation levels with a state-of-the-art device.
Fiber optic probes are used to determine oxygen saturation by measuring the amount of transmitted light reflected off of hemoglobin and reported as a percentage.
With regard to pre-ductal and post-ductal oxygen saturation levels cut-off values lower than those used at sea level should be adopted for neonates born at moderate altitudes.
When a person is breathing properly, the oxygen saturation level -- when air flows through the lungs -- during sleep is 100 percent, Dr.
The associations of particulate air pollution with cardiac and respiratory morbidity and mortality has been demonstrated in earlier studies but epidemiologic evidence of particulate-related decreases in oxygen saturation as an explanation for these associations is very less.
STAR Brian Kennedy gives three-year-old Holly Moore something to sing about after a charity announced the acquisition of 18 Oxygen Saturation Monitors for a cardiac ward.