(redirected from Oxygenated diesel)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.


fuel made from natural, renewable sources, such as new and used vegetable oils and animal fats, for use in a diesel enginediesel engine,
type of internal-combustion engine invented by the German engineer Rudolf Diesel and patented by him in 1892. Although his engine was designed to use coal dust as fuel, the diesel engine now burns fuel oil.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Biodiesel has physical properties very similar to petroleum-derived diesel fuel, but its emission properties are superior. Using biodiesel in a conventional diesel engine substantially reduces emissions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, sulfates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nitrated polycyclic aromtic hydrocarbons, and particulate matter. Diesel blends containing up to 20% biodiesel can be used in nearly all diesel-powered equipment, and higher-level blends and pure biodiesel can be used in many engines with little or no modification. Lower-level blends are compatible with most storage and distribution equipment, but special handling is required for higher-level blends.

Biodiesel is made from oils or fats, which are hydrocarbons. Fresh soybean oil is most commonly used, although biodiesel can be made from mustard seed oil or waste vegetable oil (such as used oil from restaurant deep fryers). These hydrocarbons are filtered and mixed with an alcohol, such as methanol, and a catalyst (sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide), resulting in a chemical reaction whose major products are the biodiesel fuel and glycerolglycerol,
or 1,2,3-propanetriol
, CH2OHCHOHCH2OH, colorless, odorless, sweet-tasting, syrupy liquid. Glycerol is a trihydric alcohol. It melts at 17.
..... Click the link for more information.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Irshad Ahmed, Executive Vice President and President of Pure Energy added that oxygenated diesel has proven to significantly reduce harmful emissions listed by the EPA.
Pure Energy plans to offer oxygenated diesel on the commercial market this summer.
Oxygenated Diesel will enter a business and regulatory environment in need of cleaner, cost-effective fuels.
Pure Energy has filed for a patent covering the Oxygenated Diesel blends.
Oxygenated Diesel is undergoing testing with parties including the state of Illinois, the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), Mack Trucks, Cummins Engine Company, GROWMARK, Inc.
Oxygenated Diesel is the first ethanol-diesel fuel of its kind.
Successful performance testing has shown that Oxygenated Diesel has been run in unmodified vehicles and can perform in all seasons including the dead of winter," said Irshad Ahmed, Senior Vice President and Chief Science Officer for Pure Energy.
Oxygenated diesel, which blends 15 percent ethanol with diesel and a special additive, has the backing of Illinois Governor George Ryan.