Özal, Turgut

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Özal, Turgut,

1927–93, Turkish political leader, president of Turkey (1989–93). Trained as an electrical engineer, he worked for the Turkish state planning office in the 1950s and 60s, as an economist for the World Bank (1971–73), in private business, and as an adviser to President Süleyman DemirelDemirel, Süleyman
, 1924–2015, Turkish political leader, prime minister and president of Turkey. A successful engineer, he became leader of the Justice party in 1964, deputy prime minister in Feb., 1965, and prime minister in Oct., 1965.
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 (1979). When Demirel was overthrown in a military coup (1980), Öuzal stayed on as deputy prime minister. When military rule ended, he formed the center-right Motherland party and became prime minister (1983–89) and then president. Özal implemented economic reforms and telecommunications improvements and granted greater recognition to the country's Kurdish minority, and Turkey joined the United Nations coalition during the 1991 Persian Gulf WarPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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.