Ozena


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Related to Ozena: atrophic rhinitis

Ozena

 

(also atrophic rhinitis), a chronic disease characterized by severe atrophy of the nasal mucosa and the formation in the nose of thick crusts with an unpleasant odor. The atrophy also spreads to the olfactory region, and for this reason those affected with ozena usually lack a sense of smell. Sometimes the odor ozena produces is so offensive that those suffering from the disease find it difficult to associate with others. In some cases, the disease also spreads to the lower respiratory tract—the pharynx and larynx.

The causes have been insufficiently studied. Treatment consists of softening and removing the crusts by means of salves, drops, and irrigation.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Rhinoscleroma and ozena infections are frequently misdiagnosed as a common cold and sinusitis on the initial phases, due to the vague signs and symptoms.
Klebsiella pneumoniae ozaenae produce ozena or atrophic rhinitis, an infection compromising nasal epithelium which results in clinic symptoms such as: anosmia, green mucopurulent and fetid exudates, and nose obstruction whose histological findings are consistent with focal areas of squamous metaplastic damage of the mucosal glands and therefore mucus secretion alteration (7).
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