Pérez Jiménez, Marcos
Pérez Jiménez, Marcos (märˈkōs pāˈrās hēmāˈnās), 1914–2001, president of Venezuela (1952–58). As an army captain he took part in the coup that installed (1945) the Democratic Action party in power, but he subsequently objected to its leftist reforms and was a member of the three-man junta that overthrew President Rómulo Gallegos in 1948. After one of the junta members was mysteriously killed, he emerged (1952) as self-appointed president. He imposed a corrupt dictatorship marked by virulent anti-Communism and brutal repression, and spent money lavishly on highways and tourist attractions, especially in Caracas. He was ousted by a popular revolt in Jan., 1958. He lived in exile in Miami, Fla., until 1963, when he was extradited to Venezuela on charges of embezzling some $200 million during his presidential tenure. He was imprisoned (1963–68) and after his release lived in exile in Spain.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
Pérez Jiménez, Marcos
Born Apr. 25, 1914, in Mi-chelena, state of Táchira. Venezuelan state figure.
Pérez Jiménez joined the army in 1934 and served as army chief of staff in 1945 and 1946 and chief of the general staff from 1946 to 1948. He participated in the overthrow of the constitutional governments of I. Medina Angarita (1941–45) and R. Gallegos (1947–48). From 1948 to 1952 he was a member of the military junta and minister of defense. In 1952 and 1953 he was provisional president of Venezuela, and from 1953 to 1958 president. Supported by US oil monopolies, he established a dictatorial regime. In January 1958, Pérez Jiménez was overthrown by a popular uprising and fled to the USA. Venezuelan public opinion forced his extradition to Venezuela, where he was convicted of embezzling government funds. He served a prison term and in 1968 left the country.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.