peer-to-peer network

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Related to P2P network: BitTorrent

peer-to-peer network

[¦pir tə ¦pir ′net‚wərk]
(communications)
A local-area network in which there is no central controller and all the nodes have equal access to the resources of the network.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

peer-to-peer network

(1) A network of computers configured to allow certain files and folders to be shared with everyone or with selected users. Peer-to-peer networks are quite common in small offices that do not use a dedicated file server. All client versions of Windows, Mac and Linux can function as nodes in a peer-to-peer network and allow their files to be shared.

Files and folders can be configured to allow network users to copy them, but not alter them in their original location, which is a common safety precaution. However, files and folders can also be assigned a "read/write" status that allows either selected users or all users on the network to change them. See share. See also grid computing.

(2) Using the Internet as the world's largest file sharing network. Originally for music files, and subsequently for videos, this type of sharing was popularized by the famous Napster service as well as Gnutella (www.gnutella.com), Grokster (www.grokster.com), KaZaA (www.kazaa.com) and others. Users upload copyrighted songs to a central server, a group of servers or to selected user computers, and people download the files that are available. Almost every song ever recorded has been uploaded to some music sharing venue.

In 2003, Napster was resurrected into a legitimate service competing with other online music stores such as iTunes (www.itunes.com) and Yahoo! Music Jukebox (formerly MusicMatch) (www.musicmatch.com). Although Apple legally sold more than a billion songs from its iTunes music service in 2006, it was estimated that more than 15 billion copyrighted songs were illegally shared or downloaded from websites in that same year.

File sharing systems are architected in different ways as outlined in the following illustrations. See Napster, KaZaA, BitTorrent, dark Web and P2P TV.








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References in periodicals archive ?
It is a viable solution to the improvement of live streaming QoS to resort to the coordination of contingency server and P2P network.
These requirements call for suitable design of the architecture as shown in this paper with new topology for P2P network with more stable, minimize packet loss and provide better video streaming quality compared to the pure mesh-based, pure tree-based networks.
A Group-Based Trust Metric for P2P Networks: Protection against Sybil Attack and Collusion.
He answered his own question by developing a new p2p network called Gnutella in 2000.
Cycle-driven engine is simplified assumptions of a P2P network. It ignores the details in the transport layer of the OSI network model.
In a P2P network framework that possesses the capabilities of file searching, for example, a P2P file sharing network based on distributed hash tables, a pollution attacker causes a nonexistent file to be shared on the network by uploading bogus file records such as the IP address of the file sharing person, port number, and file hash value to the supernodes that are responsible for maintaining these records in the network or by modifying the file records.
First, since a P2P bot is part of a P2P network, it exhibits the communication behavior of a normal P2P node but with some distinguishable differences.
The default setting for most P2P networks ensures that individual downloading files are simultaneously uploading files, which means if you download movies you are often distributing illegal content to others.
It is independent of the host system in terms of hardware/software and even the format of the document in P2P network (Hong et al., 2003).
The first and arguably most famous p2p network, Napster, was born
But when P2P file-sharing software is not configured properly, files not meant to be shared may be accessible to anyone on the P2P network. For example, if employees take company files home and load them onto their personal computer, and that computer is also used to download free music from a P2P network, the work files can be exposed to all users of the network.
without first providing notice and obtaining consent from the owner or authorized user of the computer." Congress seemed particularly alarmed by the discovery of a set of blueprints for President Obama's official helicopter, Marine One, that were found on a P2P network and an investigation by the TODAY show that uncovered thousands of tax returns, student loan applications, and credit reports that had inadvertently found their way online.