pagoda


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pagoda

(pəgō`də), name given in the East to a variety of buildings of tower form that are usually part of a temple or monastery group and serve as shrines. Those of India (see stupastupa
[Sanskrit,=mound], Buddhist monument in tumulus, or mound, form, often containing relics. The words tope and dagoba are synonymous, though the latter properly refers only to a Sinhalese Buddhist stupa.
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) are chiefly pyramidal structures of masonry, tapering to an apex and elaborately adorned with carving and sculpture. In China the pagoda, derived from India, is one of the most characteristic architectural types and in general is devoted to sacred usage. Octagonal, hexagonal, or square in plan, they are built in superimposed stories, sometimes as many as 15; from each story projects an upward-curving tiled roof. The material most commonly used is brick, often faced with slabs of glazed and colored tile. A few date back to the T'ang dynasty (A.D. 618–906). In Japan the pagodas were introduced from China with Buddhism. They are usually square in plan and five stories high, each story having its projecting roof. Generally made of wood, they exhibit superb carpentry craftsmanship. The Horyu-ji tower near Nara, of the 7th cent., is a noted example.

Pagoda

A multistory shrine-like tower: originally a Buddhist monument crowned by a stupa. The stories may be open pavilions of wood with balconies and pent roofs of diminishing size with corbeled cornices.

Pagoda

 

a type of Buddhist religious structure in the Far East. Repositories of Buddhist relics, pagodas serve as memorials and also mark “holy” places. Some are in the form of pavilions or towers (often many-tiered), and others are in the form of obelisks. Usually four-, six-, eight-, or 12-sided, they may be built of wood, brick, stone, or metal. The pagoda as a type of architecture developed during the early centuries of the Common Era in China and later spread to Vietnam, Korea, and Japan.

REFERENCE

Boerschmann, E. Die Baukunst und religiöse Kultur der Chinesen, vol. 3, part 1: Pagoden. [Berlin] 1931.

pagoda

A multistoried shrine-like tower, originally a Buddhist monument crowned by a stupa. Stories may be open pavilions of wood with balconies and pent roofs (prevalent in Japan) or built-in masonry, of diminishing size with corbeled cornices.

pagoda

an Indian or Far Eastern temple, esp a tower, usually pyramidal and having many storeys
References in periodicals archive ?
Villagers' assessments of what is happening to the pagoda capture a consistent theme of moral disintegration concomitant with the mono-directional penetration of 'power', both economic and political, into the sacred space of the pagoda.
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The nine-story pagoda in Kudara no Odera might have been built by the emperor ''in an attempt to catch up with the Sui and the Tang dynasties in China,'' he said.
On Wednesday, Mayor Joni Villanueva-Tugna said she would push for a river cleanup to pay tribute to the 270 people who died on July 2, 1993, when the pagoda collapsed due to excessive weight.
During the argument, she took out a gun and fired two shots into the air, causing panic in the pagoda.
According to Burma's Ministry of Religious and Cultural Affairs, about 70 percent of the structure of Pagoda 1066 collapsed yesterday due to 'excess weight on its walls'.
"It is a small memorial of some sort, in the form of a pagoda of white marble, thirty feet in height, in many stories with projections from each, once ornamental with many bells, of which only two remain.
The pagoda in the Chinese Gardens was initially developed as a temporary feature but has been in place for more than 30 years.
The Holy Cross of Wawa is a replica of the wooden cross on which the Lord Jesus Christ was crucified, set on a pagoda, and which is paraded on the Bocaue river with several boats, with devotees swimming alongside the colorful structure.
Iron Pagoda Athletic Club is proud to offer group classes that are rare and extraordinary.
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