pasta


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pasta,

generic name for thin pieces of hardened, unleavened dough that are molded into various shapes and boiled, not baked. Pasta is commonly associated with Italian cuisine, though similar wheat flour and rice flour pastas, usually called noodles, have been known in Asia for a long time (remains of millet flour noodles dating to c.2000 B.C. have been found in China). Pasta is believed to have been introduced into Europe during the Mongol invasions in the 13th cent. The basic ingredient of Italian-style pasta is semolina, a durum wheat flour, which is moistened with water, kneaded to a smooth dough, and rolled out and cut or formed into various shapes, such as ribbons, tubes, or disks; they may be twisted or ribbed. Thin strands are known as spaghetti (Italian for "little strings") and very thin as vermicelli ("little worms"). Pasta may contain eggs as well as such flavoring and coloring agents as tomatoes, spinach, and squid ink. In Asia, noodles are a common staple, as in Japan's soba (buckwheat noodles served with a soy dipping sauce), Korea's chilled beef and noodle soup, and China's lo mein (stir-fried wheat noodles paired with a variety of other ingredients) and chow fun (rice noodles). Many other countries have created their own pasta dishes, such as sweet noodle kugel (a Middle-European Jewish dish). Fresh pasta is also served as stuffed dumplings in many countries; the Polish pierogi, kin to Russian piroshki, are filled with meat, cheese, or vegetables. The Chinese serve potstickers, wontons, and many other types of dumplings, and the Italians serve cheese- or meat-stuffed ravioli, tortellini, and other types.

Bibliography

See M. L. and J. D. Scott: The Complete Pasta Book (1988); S. Serventi and F. Sabban, Pasta: The Story of a Universal Food (tr. 2003).

References in periodicals archive ?
Pasta types such as rigatoni, tortellini, gemelli, penne, fusilli and linguini, in particular, have been "bubbling up in volume" in keyword searches, Google says in its report, and they also are appearing in this manner on shoppers' lists.
Christopher and Lewis Brenton enjoy the pasta party
"Pasta has primarily been considered a vehicle for sauce accompanying protein as a side dish," she says.
If you are in the habit of adding a few drops of oil to the pasta to keep it from sticking, know that this will prevent it from soaking in the flavours of the sauce too.
* Always cook pasta in a very large pan of salted, boiling water.
7 PASTA should stick to a wall when thrown if it is cooked properly.
After adding the pasta to the boiling water, give it a stir or two (and that should be enough).
Foram realizadas duas coletas, correspondentes a producao de 5 estrias, e a resina foi pesada para a determinacao das producoes das 100 arvores de cada bloco, obtidas com a estimulacao originalmente por pasta vermelha.
Researchers from the University of Brazil have developed a pasta made from green banana flour that tastes better than whole-wheat pasta.
"Ms is eliot cooking pasta," eliot's thoughts and motions are described as he cooks pasta on a white electric range!
A lot of people are requesting a guide to making fresh pasta at home - so here it is.