PDD-63


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PDD-63

(Presidential Decision Directive-63) An order by President Clinton on May 22, 1998 to define U.S. federal government policies on critical infrastructure protection. PDD-63 is the foundation document for the creation of the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC), the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) and other organizations devoted to protecting the nation's crucial industrial and financial base. For more information, visit www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/pdd/pdd-63.htm. See critical infrastructure.
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Although not specifically identified in the Directive, the Clinton Administration proposed establishing a Federal Intrusion Detection Network (FIDNET) that would, together with the Federal Computer Intrusion Response Capability (FedCIRC), established just prior to PDD-63, meet this goal.
Quite independent of PDD-63 in its origin, but clearly complimentary in its purpose, the FBI offers a program called INFRAGARD to private sector firms.
The Bush Administration policy and approach regarding critical infrastructure protection can be described as an evolutionary expansion of the policies and approaches laid out in PDD-63. The fundamental policy statements are essentially the same: the protection of infrastructures critical to the people, economy, essential government services, and national security.
In many respects, the Bush Administration policy statements regarding critical infrastructure protection represent a continuation of PDD-63. The fundamental policy statements are the essentially the same: the protection of infrastructures critical to the people, economy, essential government services, and national security.
While PDD-63 focused primarily on cyber security, it gave the National Coordinator responsibility to coordinate the physical and cyber security for all critical infrastructures.
The following discusses the implementation of major elements of PDD-63 still relevant to current policy.
In many respects, the Bush Administration policy statements regarding critical infrastructure protection are a continuation of PDD-63. The fundamental policy statements are the essentially the same: the protection of infrastructures critical to the people, economy, essential government services, and national security.
One of the issues associated with PDD-63 was whether it duplicated, superseded, or overturned existing information security responsibilities.
But, PDD-63 stated and the National Plan, Version 1.0 reiterated, that the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC) will provide the principal means of facilitating and coordinating the federal government's response to an incident, mitigating attacks, investigating threats, and monitoring reconstitution efforts.
63 (PDD-63) (5) set as a national goal the ability to protect the nation's critical infrastructure from intentional attacks (both physical and cyber) by the year 2003.
Although not specifically identified in the Directive, the Clinton Administration proposed establishing a Federal Instruction Detection Network (FIDNET), that would, together with the Federal Computer Intrusion Response Capability (FedCIRC) effort begun just prior to PDD-63, meet this goal.
For the most part, the sector coordinators selected to date have undertaken awareness and education activities not only to acquaint their constituents with the threats and risks of cyber attack on their systems (which in many cases is already known) but also about the efforts and goals of PDD-63. Typically these activities have been carried out through regular trade/professional association committee meetings, conferences, etc.