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peach,fruit tree (Prunus persica) of the family Rosaceae (roserose,
common name for some members of the Rosaceae, a large family of herbs, shrubs, and trees distributed over most of the earth, and for plants of the genus Rosa, the true roses.
..... Click the link for more information. family) having decorative pink blossoms and a juicy, sweet drupe fruit. The peach appears to have originated in China, where it was mentioned in literature several centuries before Christ. It was introduced into Persia before Christian times and was spread by the Romans throughout Europe. Several of its horticultural varieties were brought by the Spanish to North America, where it became naturalized as far north as Pennsylvania by the late 17th cent. The numerous varieties of peaches under cultivation are generally distinguished as clingstone or freestone; the latter include the famous Elberta peach. The nectarinenectarine
, name for a tree (Prunus persica var. nectarina) of the family Rosaceae (rose family) and for its fruit, a smooth-skinned variety of the peach. The nectarine is a classical example of bud variation (see mutation).
..... Click the link for more information. is a smooth-skinned peach with both freestone and clingstone varieties. In the United States commercial peach production centers in California and in the S Atlantic states. Elsewhere the peach is cultivated in S Europe, Africa, Japan, and Australia. The tree is prey to frost and is attacked by various fungi, virus diseases, and insect pests, against all of which careful precautions must be taken by growers. Purple-leaved and double-flowering forms are cultivated as ornamentals. In China where the flower is much used in decoration it is considered a symbol of longevity. The peach is closely related to other species of Prunus—e.g., the cherry, plum, and almond—of which Darwin thought the peach was an ancient variety. Peaches are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Rosaceae.
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Both the fruit and the tree bark are used medicinally. Very high in potassium, which helps prolong life and is good for fatigue, anxiety, muscle weakness, skin problems, poor memory, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, congestive heart failure or heart deterioration and ringing/ vibration in the ears. High fiber, good for heart, cholesterol, prostate* and colon. Protects against ulcers and inflammation. Lots of vitamin A, lycopene and lutein which are great for eyes (cataracts, macular degeneration), cancer, heart disease. Also iron. Used for brain/mind/ memory, chronic fatigue, colon/bowel/intestines, cramps, fiber, muscle relaxer, nerves, skin, sore throat, bronchitis, coughs, spasms, chest complaints, expectorant, stomach ulcers, tumors, urinary tract, diuretic, kidney, bladder, cleans toxins, vomiting, morning sickness, sedative. Lance-shaped leaves, 5-petal pink flowers.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
Prunus persica. A low, spreading, freely branching tree of the order Rosales, cultivated in less rigorous parts of the temperate zone for its edible fruit, a juicy drupe with a single large seed, a pulpy yellow or white mesocarp, and a thin firm epicarp.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. a small rosaceous tree, Prunus persica, with pink flowers and rounded edible fruit: cultivated in temperate regions
2. the soft juicy fruit of this tree, which has a downy reddish-yellow skin, yellowish-orange sweet flesh, and a single stone
a. a pinkish-yellow to orange colour
b. (as adjective): a peach dress
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005