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breed of sturdy, compact toy dogtoy dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate very small breeds of dogs kept as pets. Some are selectively bred diminutive forms of larger breeds and others are naturally small.
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 that became popular in England during the 19th cent. It stands about 11 in. (27.9 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 14 to 18 lb (6.4–8.2 kg). Its short, smooth, glossy coat is either silver or apricot fawn in color with black mask and ears. As is true of most toy dogs that have short faces and tails curled tightly over their backs, the pug probably originated in China. Traders of the Dutch East India CompanyEast India Company, Dutch,
1602–1798, chartered by the States-General of the Netherlands to expand trade and assure close relations between the government and its colonial enterprises in Asia.
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 brought specimens of the breed back to Holland from Southeast Asia and later introduced them into England, where they quickly became fashionable with the nobility. Today the pug is raised as a watchdog and pet. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Dutch pug), a breed of small dog, similar to the bulldog, of ancient origin. The pug was imported into Holland in the late 17th century from China, its native land. It was subsequently imported into England, where its present-day strains were developed. Pugs measure 25–32 cm high at the shoulder and weigh between 2.5 and 6 kg. They are stocky and cobby animals that tend to be overweight. The short hair is silver-gray or pale yellow; the muzzle, ears, and back-trace are black. Pugs are raised by dog breeders in many countries, including the USSR.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a small compact breed of dog with a smooth coat, lightly curled tail, and a short wrinkled nose
2. any of several small geometrid moths, mostly of the genus Eupithecia, with slim forewings held outstretched at rest
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
For it was Lady Penrhyn who really owned the pugs that Piozzi mentioned, rather than her husband, and it was she who attracted censure.
Total sales of the Duke and Duchess of Windsor estate rocketed to pounds 10.5 million, more than doubling the pre-auction high estimate of pounds 4.2 million, as the couple's cherished pug collection went up for grabs.
Splat Fionn, the second pug, could run and jump but also thought he could fly.
THE founder of the UK's biggest festival for pug dogs is looking for a new Birmingham venue - for the second time in two years.
News thata Pug cafe was coming to Liverpoolsent the majority of dog owners into a frenzy, with everyone loving the idea.
"I have seen a lot of people walking around the Valleys with pugs so I think there is real scope here.
500 yen (roughly P210) comes with one drink and an hour of happy time with the pugs. Those who wish to have more play time can cough up 1000 yen (P420) for unlimited drinks and bonding time with the dogs.
Peggy is a two-year-old pug who lives with Grace and Tom Purdie in Bents, West Lothian.
A FESTIVAL for dogs dubbed "Glastonbury for pugs" attracted thousands to Cardiff yesterday.
People also send us cards with pictures of pugs on them.
Pugs naturally have a squashed face but Joe looked like he had gone 10 rounds with Muhammad Ali.