Pan, in astronomy
in astronomy, one of the named moons, or natural satellites, of Saturn
. Also known as Saturn XVIII (or S18), Pan is 12.5 mi (20 km) in diameter, orbits Saturn at a mean distance of 83,000 mi (133,583 km), and has an orbital period of 0.575 earth days. The rotational period is unknown but is assumed to be the same as the orbital period. It was discovered by Mark R. Showalter at the Ames Research Center in California in 1990 while reviewing photographs taken by Voyager 1
during its flyby of Saturn in 1980. The innermost of Saturn's confirmed moons, Pan's orbit is within the Encke Division, or Encke Gap, of Saturn's A ring, where it functions as a shepherd satellite (a moon that limits the extent of a planetary ring through gravitational forces), keeping the gap open.
Pan, in Greek religion and mythology
, in Greek religion and mythology, pastoral god of fertility. He was worshiped principally in Arcadia
, and one legend states that he was the son of Hermes
, another Arcadian god. Pan was supposed to make flocks fertile; when he did not, his image was flogged to stimulate him. He was depicted as a merry, ugly man with the horns, ears, and legs of a goat. Occasionally ill-tempered, he loved to frighten unwary travelers (hence the word panic
). All his myths deal with amorous affairs. In a famous tale he pursued the nymph Syrinx, but before she was overtaken her sister nymphs changed her into a reed. Thus Pan plays the reed panpipes, or syrinx, in memory of her. Later, when Pan was worshiped in other parts of Greece and in Rome, he became associated with the Greek Dionysus
and identified with the Roman Faunus
, both gods of fertility.
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Pan A small satellite of Saturn, discovered in 1990 from photographs taken by Voyager 2 in 1981. It is the closest satellite to Saturn so far known, orbiting within the Encke Division of Saturn's rings at a distance of 133 600 km from the center of the planet. It is a shepherd satellite, keeping the Encke Division open. See Table 2, backmatter.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006
Pan (religion, spiritualism, and occult)
Greek nature and fertility deity, rustic son of Hermes and Dryops' daughter, god of flocks and of shepherds and goatherds. He was said to be a native of Arcadia and was incorporated into the retinue of Dionysus. Pan is usually depicted as half man, half goat. He was the inventor of the Syrinx, or Pan-pipe, and was extremely musical, leading nymphs in dances.
Pan purportedly lived on the slopes of Mount Maenalus or Mount Lycaeus. He brought about good hunting and caused goats and ewes to multiply, hence his aspect as a phallic divinity. Disguising himself as a white ram, he seduced the moon goddess Selene.
The Witch Book: The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft, Wicca, and Neo-paganism © 2002 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
in Greek mythology, the god of forests and fields, the patron of shepherds and hunters. Myths portray Pan as a merry god who roamed the mountains and forests in the company of nymphs, dancing and playing a pipe. The ancient Greeks pictured him as ugly and covered with hair, with the feet, beard, and tail of a goat. He inspired terror, hence the word “panic.”
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
What does it mean when you dream about a pan?
The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
To tilt or otherwise move a television or movie camera vertically and horizontally to keep it trained on a moving object or to secure a panoramic effect.
A shallow, natural depression or basin containing a body of standing water.
A hard, cementlike layer, crust, or horizon of soil within or just beneath the surface; may be compacted, indurated, or very high in clay content.
A shallow, circular, concave steel or porcelain dish in which drillers or samplers wash the drill sludge to gravity-separate the particles of heavy, dense minerals from the lighter rock powder as a quick visual means of ascertaining if the rocks traversed by the borehole contain minerals of value.
The act or process of performing the above operation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
2. A part of an exterior wall; esp. in half-timbered construction, the wall spaces between the timbers.
3. A major vertical division in a wall.
4. A structural panel.
5. A form, frequently of molded fiberglass, used in pouring concrete floors or roofs.
6. The recessed bed for the leaf of a hinge.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
man-goat of bawdy and lecherous ways. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 798]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. either of the two dishlike receptacles on a balance
a. a natural or artificial depression in the ground where salt can be obtained by the evaporation of brine
b. a natural depression containing water or mud
3. Caribbean the indented top from an oil drum used as the treble drum in a steel band
5. a small ice floe
6. a hard substratum of soil
1. the leaf of the betel tree
2. a preparation of this leaf which is chewed, together with betel nuts and lime, in India and the East Indies
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
pan(1) To move a video or film camera horizontally across a scene. A horizontal scroll bar on an application window provides the same type of movement. See pan & scan, Ken Burns effect and PTZ.
(2) (PAN) (Primary Account Number) The customer number on an EMV credit or debit card. Contrast with token. See EMV.
(3) (PAN) See processor area network and personal area network.
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