Pacific War of 1864–66

Pacific War of 1864–66

 

a war between Spain, which was striving to restore its domination of the Latin-American countries, and the South American republics of Peru, Chile, Ecuador, and Bolivia.

In July 1864 a Spanish fleet captured the Peruvian Chincha Islands. Chile supported Peru, declaring war on Spain on Sept. 25, 1865. Attempts by the Spanish fleet to blockade the Pacific seaports were unsuccessful, and in December 1865, Ecuador and Bolivia joined Chile and Peru. Spain was compelled to recall its fleet, which before its departure subjected the Chilean port of Valparaiso to a cruel shelling (March 1866), but the fleet was repulsed upon attempting to shell the Peruvian port of Callao (May 1866). The Chincha Islands were returned to Peru. A truce was concluded in April 1871, and a peace treaty was signed in August 1879.

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