Although the Ottoman Government had tried hard not to obtain foreign loans until 1854, Abdulmecid, the Padishah
of that time, was urged to make the first foreign loan agreement in order to meet the expenses of Crimea War.
(33) Or: Your Majesty, blessed and powerful Padishah
, defender of the world!
Controlling the Persian Area, the Turks got for their Emperor (Sultan) the ancient name of Padishah
(King of the Kings) (9).
To summarize: His Majesty the Padishah
of Islam orders a jihad as a general mobilization and individual duty for all Muslims according to the Quran.
Called Kizilbash (Turkic for "Red Heads" as they wore a distinctive crimson hat with 12 folds denoting their Twelver faith), these men considered Isma'il to be both their religious Murshid-i Kamil ("the Perfect Guide as head of the Safawi order) and their temporal "Padishah
, holding the first place, all the notables in the govemment supported artists and art in varying degrees and maintained this practice as a tradition until the last periods of the emperor.
In the twenty-five years of Padishah
Ahmed III's rule, the houses in provincial Alanya had grown far sturdier than their occupants' needs, the content of wood and glass incomparably higher than from when he was a child.
Suleyman liked reciprocally to be addressed as 'the excellent padishah
, refuge of the world' (alem penah), see Sidi Reis, Mir'at ul-Memalik (Istanbul, 1897), p.
In a reference to the fictitious intelligence service at the heart of the earlier novel The Palace of Dreams (1981), readers learn that a Bosnian hodja, or religious leader, had sent the Padishah
, or sultan, a dream, the interpretation of which prompted the ruler to issue the edict on veiling.
In the Sultan's letters, the king of France was called padishah
or emperor, like the Sultan himself.