Giovanni Battista Martini

(redirected from Padre Martini)

Martini, Giovanni Battista


(Padre Martini). Born Apr. 24, 1706, in Bologna; died there Oct. 4, 1784. Italian music theorist and historian, teacher, composer, choir director, singer, violinist, and harpsichordist. Franciscan monk.

Martini was a member and director of the Philharmonic Academy in Bologna. His principal theoretical work is Pattern, or Fundamental Practical Outline of Counterpoint (vols. 1-2, 1774-75). He wrote the History of Music (vols. 1-3, 1757-81), the first such work. His history deals only with ancient Greek and Roman music. Martini composed oratorios, works for organ and for harpsichord, vocal duets, and choruses with instrumental accompaniment. The musical world of 18th-century Italy centered on Martini. The conservatory and city library in Bologna are named after him.

References in periodicals archive ?
1580 to its purchase by Padre Martini from the Pagliarini book sellers of Rome, who had in turn secured the collection as discards from the convent of San Francesco a Ripa in Rome.
In 1784 he sent the learned Padre Martini his portrait, entrusting it to L.
Pichl obtained transcriptions of the operas of Leonardo Leo from Padre Martini.
For the moment another two of Pichl's letters have escaped the researchers because they are not in the Bologna collection of Padre Martini, but in the convent archive of St.
Item 1798 lacks: Mischiati, Oscar, "Padre Martini e la sua biblioteca," in Collezionismo e storiografia musicale nel Settecento: Ia quadreria e la biblioteca di Padre Martini.