Painted Pottery Cultures

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Painted Pottery Cultures

 

the general name accepted in the literature for archaeological cultures of the late Neolithic period and of the Aeneolithic period. The name is based on the characteristic feature of the cultures—painted decorative pottery.

The painted pottery cultures are characterized by the predominance of farming using the hoe, combined with stock raising, fishing, and hunting; the appearance of copper tools at a time when flint prevailed; large, usually pisé, houses; and clay female statuettes. The oldest settlements with painted pottery existed in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Painted pottery cultures later appeared in what is now the Ukraine and Moldavia (Tripol’e culture), Rumania, Bulgaria, Greece, Yugoslavia, the Caucasus, Iran (Sialk), Middle Asia (Anau and Namazga-Tepe), India, and China (Yang-shao). The painted pottery cultures were created by different tribes. The similarities of the cultures were probably determined by the tribes being at the same stage of economic and social development and living under similar geo-graphical conditions.

REFERENCES

Passek, T. S. Rannezemledel’cheskie tripol’skie plemena Podnestrov’ia. Moscow, 1961.
Childe, V. G. Drevnii Vostok v svete novykh raskopok. Moscow, 1956. (Translated from English.)
Masson, V. M. “Istoricheskoe mesto Sredneaziatskoi tsivilizatsii.”Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 1964, no. 1.
Watson, W. Archaeology in China. New York, 1960.
Sankalia, H. D. Prehistory and Protohistory in India and Pakistan. Bombay, 1963.

A. L. MONGAIT

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.