Paiute


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Related to Paiute: Northern Paiute

Paiute

(pīo͞ot`), two distinct groups of Native North Americans speaking languages belonging to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The Northern Paiute ranged over central and E California, W Nevada, and E Oregon. The Southern Paiute occupied NW Arizona, SE California, S Nevada, and S Utah. The Northern Paiute were more warlike than their southern relatives; they fought the miners and the settlers during the 1860s, and a considerable part of them joined the Bannock in the war of 1878. The Southern Paiute are often called the Diggers because they subsisted on root digging. In general the Paiute of the Great Basin area subsisted by hunting, fishing, and digging for roots. They lived in small round huts (wickiups) that were covered with tule rushes. It was among the Paiute that the Ghost DanceGhost Dance,
central ritual of the messianic religion instituted in the late 19th cent. by a Paiute named Wovoka. The religion prophesied the peaceful end of the westward expansion of whites and a return of the land to the Native Americans.
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 religion, which was to be of much significance on the frontier in the 1890s, first appeared (c.1870). The Native American prophet WovokaWovoka
, c.1858–1932, Paiute, prophet of a messianic religion sometimes called the Ghost Dance religion. Also known as Jack Wilson, he was influenced by his father (a mystic) as well as by the Christian family for whom he worked and the Shaker religion.
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 was a Paiute. In 1990 there were over 11,000 Paiute in the United States, many of them living on tribal lands in Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon, and Utah. The name is also spelled Piute.

Bibliography

See J. H. Steward, Ethnography of the Owens Valley Paiute (1933); O. C. Stewart, Northern Paiute Bands (1939); M. M. Wheat, Survival Arts of the Primitive Paiutes (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
The project will benefit the 277 residents of the Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony.
The Jamboree is held in Marysvale the "Heart" of the Paiute Trail System which boasts over 2000 miles of mapped and documented trails.
Northern Paiute is part of the northern branch of the Uto-Aztecan family, a group of related languages once spoken from the hardwood stands of North America to the rainforests of Central America.
When Winnemucca used her rhetorical agency in ways that weren't sanctioned by her interpreter role by reporting Paiute complaints about Reinhart to military officials at Camp Harney, Reinhart fired her and exiled her from the reservation (Zanjani 140).
As part of the agreement, the Moapa Band of Paiutes will keep majority stakes in all Moapa Energy projects on Moapa Reservation Lands, it noted.
Winnemucca's performances negotiate "popular discourses of womanhood" and the "Indian princess" by "position[ing] and reposition[ing] herself as both apart from and a part of Euro-American and Paiute discourse.
Bird's new CD tells the story of Quaninch, a boy of mixed blood, born in 1829 to a Paiute mother and Scottish frontiersman and fiddler.
Mountain Meadows Utah September 11 1857: A prosperous wagon train traveling from Arkansas to California is held siege by a band of Paiute Indians.
From each of these three nows the history of, say, the Paiute people--or of my left toenail, or of the cultivation of cloves in Zanzibar--deploys itself differently, with a different tone, weight, thickness.
From the Miwok, Paiute and Ahwahneechee of Yosemite Valley, to the Maasai of Eastern Africa to the Adevasi of India, a quest for conservation is creating millions of new refugees.
Characters are drawn from America's diverse cultures, including King Kamehameha I of Hawaii (America's only king) and Sarah Winnemucca, a Paiute Indian woman who started a school for Native Americans around 1880.
USGS Research Supports Shivwits Band of the Paiute Indian Tribe