Paiute

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Related to Paiutes: Southern Paiute

Paiute

(pīo͞ot`), two distinct groups of Native North Americans speaking languages belonging to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The Northern Paiute ranged over central and E California, W Nevada, and E Oregon. The Southern Paiute occupied NW Arizona, SE California, S Nevada, and S Utah. The Northern Paiute were more warlike than their southern relatives; they fought the miners and the settlers during the 1860s, and a considerable part of them joined the Bannock in the war of 1878. The Southern Paiute are often called the Diggers because they subsisted on root digging. In general the Paiute of the Great Basin area subsisted by hunting, fishing, and digging for roots. They lived in small round huts (wickiups) that were covered with tule rushes. It was among the Paiute that the Ghost DanceGhost Dance,
central ritual of the messianic religion instituted in the late 19th cent. by a Paiute named Wovoka. The religion prophesied the peaceful end of the westward expansion of whites and a return of the land to the Native Americans.
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 religion, which was to be of much significance on the frontier in the 1890s, first appeared (c.1870). The Native American prophet WovokaWovoka
, c.1858–1932, Paiute, prophet of a messianic religion sometimes called the Ghost Dance religion. Also known as Jack Wilson, he was influenced by his father (a mystic) as well as by the Christian family for whom he worked and the Shaker religion.
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 was a Paiute. In 1990 there were over 11,000 Paiute in the United States, many of them living on tribal lands in Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon, and Utah. The name is also spelled Piute.

Bibliography

See J. H. Steward, Ethnography of the Owens Valley Paiute (1933); O. C. Stewart, Northern Paiute Bands (1939); M. M. Wheat, Survival Arts of the Primitive Paiutes (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Walker River Paiute Tribe can now develop and submit to EPA water quality standards for their waters within the Tribes reservation, similar to the process used by States.
The song is old, depicting the eviction of the Paiutes by US soldiers in the 1860s.
Gaylord Robb, the tribe's trust resource and economic development director, says the project, when complete, will serve a two-fold purpose of re establishing the Paiute presence in their traditional homeland and capitalizing on the tourism draw of Zion National Park, which exceeds 3.
Particularly at Pyramid Lake, where the Northern Paiutes were not military conquests or bound by treaty to the reservation, agents struggled to keep them on the reservation and complained strenuously about the Central Pacific Railroad policy granting Paiutes free rides on any freight trains through the area, which made them disturbingly mobile (Knack and Stewart 116).
For instance, the history, or "tradition" that she relates in the first chapter is inclusive of both European Americans and Paiutes in the historical family.
For the best of bows the Paiutes would pick a short piece of mountain juniper, three or four feet in length"--he illustrates with his hands--"backed with sinew.
The purchase of vast tracts of Owens Valley land by the city of Los Angeles to ensure a continual source of water for its expanding population worsened the already critical condition of the Paiutes.
For instance, she finds fascinating--and troubling--accounts of conflicts between Chinese immigrans and Paiutes over liquor sales by the former group to the latter.
Army, Hopkins led a group of Paiutes, including her father, to safety during the Bannock War of 1878; she was awarded tribal honors for bravery.
At the end of a long procession featuring several of Virginia City's fire companies and Irish ethnic societies came "a body of 27 Paiutes, mounted two by two, and led by young Winnemucca, the war chief himself, who rode barebacked with the left side of his face and clothing .
In addition to providing the first detailed report on nutrition among the Basin natives of the hot desert, the study led her to meet Isabel Kelly, an arcaeologist and ethnologist who had spent a year with the Southern Paiutes in the early 1930s.
Malheur Lake and the marshland zone that continues some 20 miles to its south alongside the Blitzen River was the traditional wintering place of the Harney Valley Paiutes going back deep into prehistoric times.