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(pīo͞ot`), two distinct groups of Native North Americans speaking languages belonging to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The Northern Paiute ranged over central and E California, W Nevada, and E Oregon. The Southern Paiute occupied NW Arizona, SE California, S Nevada, and S Utah. The Northern Paiute were more warlike than their southern relatives; they fought the miners and the settlers during the 1860s, and a considerable part of them joined the Bannock in the war of 1878. The Southern Paiute are often called the Diggers because they subsisted on root digging. In general the Paiute of the Great Basin area subsisted by hunting, fishing, and digging for roots. They lived in small round huts (wickiups) that were covered with tule rushes. It was among the Paiute that the Ghost DanceGhost Dance,
central ritual of the messianic religion instituted in the late 19th cent. by a Paiute named Wovoka. The religion prophesied the peaceful end of the westward expansion of whites and a return of the land to the Native Americans.
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 religion, which was to be of much significance on the frontier in the 1890s, first appeared (c.1870). The Native American prophet WovokaWovoka
, c.1858–1932, Paiute, prophet of a messianic religion sometimes called the Ghost Dance religion. Also known as Jack Wilson, he was influenced by his father (a mystic) as well as by the Christian family for whom he worked and the Shaker religion.
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 was a Paiute. In 1990 there were over 11,000 Paiute in the United States, many of them living on tribal lands in Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon, and Utah. The name is also spelled Piute.


See J. H. Steward, Ethnography of the Owens Valley Paiute (1933); O. C. Stewart, Northern Paiute Bands (1939); M. M. Wheat, Survival Arts of the Primitive Paiutes (1967).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The ancestral homeland of the Paiutes extends from Mono Lake in the south, east to Nevada and north into Idaho and Oregon.
Gaylord Robb, the tribe's trust resource and economic development director, says the project, when complete, will serve a two-fold purpose of re establishing the Paiute presence in their traditional homeland and capitalizing on the tourism draw of Zion National Park, which exceeds 3.5 million visitors annually.
She did not know war but her Paiute ancestors had, the strings of
Particularly at Pyramid Lake, where the Northern Paiutes were not military conquests or bound by treaty to the reservation, agents struggled to keep them on the reservation and complained strenuously about the Central Pacific Railroad policy granting Paiutes free rides on any freight trains through the area, which made them disturbingly mobile (Knack and Stewart 116).
Based on this contradiction between the agents' roles and intent, language and actions, Winnemucca critiques the moral underpinnings of European American religion and culture (including colonization) by consistently playing with the meaning and practice of Christian "goodness." In the plea to her audience, she directly refers to them as good Christian people, thus appealing to the same values that she critiques among the agents, asking them to right their wrongs, in a sense, or, rather, to live up to the roles and virtues that they administer and to which they expect the Paiutes to adhere.
Isn't he, after all, responsibly historicizing the Paiutes, trying for completeness, exhausting the factum?
West of town stood Lone Pine Mountain, "the vast ghost-gray bulk of Opopago"--"The Weeper" (10)--as it was known to the Paiute Indians.
(The Walker River Paiute tribe, whose reservation covers the lower portion of the river, gets about one percent, and most of the rest is lost in transit.) As a result, little water reaches Walker Lake-in dry years, none at all.
For instance, she finds fascinating--and troubling--accounts of conflicts between Chinese immigrans and Paiutes over liquor sales by the former group to the latter.
In addition to providing the first detailed report on nutrition among the Basin natives of the hot desert, the study led her to meet Isabel Kelly, an arcaeologist and ethnologist who had spent a year with the Southern Paiutes in the early 1930s.
Malheur Lake and the marshland zone that continues some 20 miles to its south alongside the Blitzen River was the traditional wintering place of the Harney Valley Paiutes going back deep into prehistoric times.