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(pīo͞ot`), two distinct groups of Native North Americans speaking languages belonging to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The Northern Paiute ranged over central and E California, W Nevada, and E Oregon. The Southern Paiute occupied NW Arizona, SE California, S Nevada, and S Utah. The Northern Paiute were more warlike than their southern relatives; they fought the miners and the settlers during the 1860s, and a considerable part of them joined the Bannock in the war of 1878. The Southern Paiute are often called the Diggers because they subsisted on root digging. In general the Paiute of the Great Basin area subsisted by hunting, fishing, and digging for roots. They lived in small round huts (wickiups) that were covered with tule rushes. It was among the Paiute that the Ghost DanceGhost Dance,
central ritual of the messianic religion instituted in the late 19th cent. by a Paiute named Wovoka. The religion prophesied the peaceful end of the westward expansion of whites and a return of the land to the Native Americans.
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 religion, which was to be of much significance on the frontier in the 1890s, first appeared (c.1870). The Native American prophet WovokaWovoka
, c.1858–1932, Paiute, prophet of a messianic religion sometimes called the Ghost Dance religion. Also known as Jack Wilson, he was influenced by his father (a mystic) as well as by the Christian family for whom he worked and the Shaker religion.
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 was a Paiute. In 1990 there were over 11,000 Paiute in the United States, many of them living on tribal lands in Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon, and Utah. The name is also spelled Piute.


See J. H. Steward, Ethnography of the Owens Valley Paiute (1933); O. C. Stewart, Northern Paiute Bands (1939); M. M. Wheat, Survival Arts of the Primitive Paiutes (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
Once the Moapa Southern Paiute Solar facility becomes fully operational, the LADWP will be able to repurpose existing transmission systems that now bring high-carbon coal power from the Navajo Generating Station.
Scope : Construction of the 250 MW Moapa Southern Paiute Solar Project in Nevada, United States.
Despite hours furtively speaking with other Paiutes, Viola lost the ability to speak her own language because of the school's English-only policy.
Following her marriage to a fellow Paiute and the adoption of two children, Viola served as president of a parent-teacher association, worked for the Department of Charities in Los Angeles and, finally, as a teacher in the Los Angeles Unified School District.
The song is old, depicting the eviction of the Paiutes by US soldiers in the 1860s.
In reprisal, the Paiutes ambushed the settlement, managing to free the children but killing several settlers in the process.
Gaylord Robb, the tribe's trust resource and economic development director, says the project, when complete, will serve a two-fold purpose of re establishing the Paiute presence in their traditional homeland and capitalizing on the tourism draw of Zion National Park, which exceeds 3.
The Cedar Band of the Paiute tribe developed a government contracting company and eight other businesses that operate both on and off tribal land, as far away as California and Washington, D.
The Paiutes," Austin wrote, "had made their last stand at the border of the Bitter Lake" in the 1860s when thirty-five Indians were killed or driven into Owens Lake to drown.
Kearsarge Pass was originally a Paiute trading route.
Risk had a sharply different shape and meaning for members of the Improved Order of Red Men, Paiute tribe #1, one of the most intriguing middle-class fraternal societies to appear in western Nevada.
Sixty years ago, only a few Southern Paiutes spoke English, and several of these individuals served as Kelly's interpreters during their youth.