Palace Square


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Palace Square

 

in Leningrad, the city’s main square and the main link in the chain of architectural groupings located in the center of the city. The Winter Palace (1754–62; architect, V. V. Rastrelli) was the first of the buildings that form the square. In the late 18th century Iu. M. Fel’ten redesigned the south side of the square, giving it an arched shape. This shape was ultimately fixed when the General Staff Building was erected (1819–29; architect, K. I. Rossi). It is an imposing building in the Empire style; its double triumphal arch is crowned by a monumental chariot. The arch of the General Staff Building and the Alexander Column in the center of the square create a solemn, triumphal effect. This grouping became an outstanding monument of national victory in the Patriotic War of 1812.

The east border of the square is formed by the Guard Corps Staff Building (1837–43; architect, A. P. Briullov). The west side of the square is open toward what formerly was the Admiralty Square (and is now the Admiralty Passage), thus connecting the Palace Square to a chain of other squares in the center of the city. Skillful organization of space, harmonic proportion among the individual architectural units, and unity of scale, rhythm, and modules create an integrated whole out of buildings that vary in style. On Jan. 9, 1905, tsarist troops shot and massacred a peaceful demonstration of workers on Palace Square. In the night of Oct. 25–26 (Nov. 7–8), 1917, Palace Square was the scene of the decisive battle of the October Uprising in Petrograd. In the Soviet era, revolutionary festivals are celebrated by demonstrations and parades in Palace Square.

REFERENCE

Piliavskii, V. I. Dvortsovaia ploshchad’ ν Leningrade. Leningrad-Moscow, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The bridge leading to Palace Square was not to be found; scarcely trusting his senses, the nocturnal wanderer discovered a shallow piece of water, and here fell in with two men who very comfortably were rocking to and fro in a boat.
On her part, Sebiotimo narrated how she almost missed her prize as she was about leaving the Awujale's Palace square, venue of the Ojude Oba, before the raffle draw winners were announced.
After a frazzling walk across the enormous Palace Square I eventually managed to hook up with the Russian hosts and Saudi guests who were holding a cultural opening ceremony in the magnificent complex of buildings.
It was already dark when I returned to the Palace Square. The lit-up Winter Palace created a soft ambient light.
Petersburg's Palace Square on Sunday as the city marked 75 years since the end of a devastating siege by Nazi German forces during World War II.
I was walking around the Grand Palace square in Brussels mere days before a man stabbed a policeman stationed there while shouting 'Allah Akbar'.
The Trooping the Colour celebrates a 250-year-old British tradition where military troops show off their colors or flags and march throughout the Buckingham Palace square.
Those who hope that the Iranian national revolution will succeed in a single, big push u like the crowd turning against the Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu in Palace Square u are likely to be disappointed.
Both Qatari and Indonesian national anthems were played upon HH's arrival at the Palace Square. HH the Emir then reviewed the Guard of Honor.
The picture shows Soviet chess masters playing the game on a massive chessboard at the Palace Square in Leningrad using real life soldiers from the Red Army as the black pieces, and sailors from the navy as the white pieces, with thousands of people watching their moves intently.
I didn't want to say this because you're my father but I would meet boys I knew on Palace Square and it would be them on bicycles at 2am and us riding on the handlebars."