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(both: nŏs`əs), ancient city of Crete, on the north coast, near modern Iráklion. The site was occupied long before 3000 B.C., and it was the center of an important Bronze Age culture. It is from a study of the great palace, as well as other sites in Crete, that knowledge of the Minoan civilizationMinoan civilization
, ancient Cretan culture representing a stage in the development of the Aegean civilization. It was named for the legendary King Minos of Crete by Sir Arthur Evans, the English archaeologist who conducted excavations there in the early 20th cent.
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 has been drawn. The city was destroyed c.1700 B.C. (possibly by earthquake, perhaps by invasion) and was splendidly rebuilt only to be destroyed again c.1400 B.C., possibly by an earthquake, by invaders from the Greek mainland, or both. This marked the end of Minoan culture. The palace was restored by Sir Arthur EvansEvans, Sir Arthur John,
1851–1941, English archaeologist. He was (1884–1908) keeper of the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford. From 1900 to 1935 he conducted excavations on the Greek island of Crete, principally at Knossos, and there uncovered the remains of a previously
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, the English archaeologist who excavated (1900–35) the site. Based on fragmentary evidence, his reconstructions have proved to be controversial, as have the celebrated Knossos frescoes whose fragmentary remains were extensively restored by artists in the 1920s. Knossos later became an ordinary but flourishing Greek city, and it continued to exist through the Roman period until the 4th cent. A.D. In Greek legend it was the capital of King MinosMinos
, in Greek mythology, king of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa. He was the husband of Pasiphaë, who bore him Androgeus, Glaucus, Ariadne, and Phaedra. Because Minos failed to sacrifice a beautiful white bull to Poseidon, the god caused Pasiphaë to conceive a lustful
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 and the site of the labyrinth. The name also appears as Cnosus and Knossus.


See Sir A. J. Evans, Palace of Minos (4 vol., 1921–35); L. Cottrell, Bull of Minos (1953); L. R. Palmer, A New Guide to the Palace of Knossos (1969); C. Gere, Knossos and the Prophets of Modernism (2009).


, Cnossus
a ruined city in N central Crete: remains of the Minoan Bronze Age civilization
References in periodicals archive ?
Visits to the Minoan Palace of Knossos and to Heraklion ?
As well as walking in magnificent scenery, you will see the old Venetian harbour-town of Khania (location for the film Zorba the Greek) with its captivating waterfront and web of narrow alleways, and enter the magical world of Greek mythology - visiting the classical site of Phaestos and the Palace of Knossos with its Minotaur labyrinth.
Examples include Essence of Mykonos, adult [euro]25(PS18)/child [euro]15; Ancient Ephesus, adult [euro]60/child [euro]37; Patmos tour, adult [euro]47/child [euro]34; Rhodes tour with the Acropolis of Lindos, adult [euro]59/child [euro]36, and Minoan Palace of Knossos, adult [euro]53/child [euro]20.
1900) Crete: Archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans begins to reveal the ancient wonders of the palace of Knossos.
Mike is pictured at the Palace of Knossos while Antonia is pictured with her copy of the Echo at the Sensatori Resort in Analipsi.
Examples include Essence of Mykonos, adult [euro]25/child [euro]15; Ancient Ephesus, adult [euro]60/child [euro]37; Patmos tour, adult [euro]47/child [euro]34; Rhodes tour with the Acropolis of Lindos, adult [euro]59/child [euro]36, and Minoan Palace of Knossos, adult [euro]53/child [euro]20.
Just a few minutes' drive south of Heraklion is the remarkable Minoan palace of Knossos, one of the most visited archaeological sites in Greece.
A room at the Royal Mare Agios Nikolaos's beautiful coastline Idyllic Elafonissi beach The spectacular Minoan palace of Knossos The spooky Melidoni cave The spellbinding White Mountains Falassarna Beach at Chania is typical of Crete's gorgeous beaches
Ruined palace of Knossos is an archaeological wonder; Ten-mile Samaria Gorge; The idyllic resort beach at Sensatori Pictures: 4CORNERS IMAGES/TRAVEL LIBRARY; Pools wrap around the Sensatori complex to its luxury swim-up rooms
A free shuttle bus ride away is Hersonissos Water Park and also close by is Heraklion with several museums and the ancient Palace of Knossos.