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Related to Palace of Minos: Cnossus, Palace of Knossos




(both: nŏs`əs), ancient city of Crete, on the north coast, near modern Iráklion. The site was occupied long before 3000 B.C., and it was the center of an important Bronze Age culture. It is from a study of the great palace, as well as other sites in Crete, that knowledge of the Minoan civilizationMinoan civilization
, ancient Cretan culture representing a stage in the development of the Aegean civilization. It was named for the legendary King Minos of Crete by Sir Arthur Evans, the English archaeologist who conducted excavations there in the early 20th cent.
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 has been drawn. The city was destroyed c.1700 B.C. (possibly by earthquake, perhaps by invasion) and was splendidly rebuilt only to be destroyed again c.1400 B.C., possibly by an earthquake, by invaders from the Greek mainland, or both. This marked the end of Minoan culture. The palace was restored by Sir Arthur EvansEvans, Sir Arthur John,
1851–1941, English archaeologist. He was (1884–1908) keeper of the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford. From 1900 to 1935 he conducted excavations on the Greek island of Crete, principally at Knossos, and there uncovered the remains of a previously
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, the English archaeologist who excavated (1900–35) the site. Based on fragmentary evidence, his reconstructions have proved to be controversial, as have the celebrated Knossos frescoes whose fragmentary remains were extensively restored by artists in the 1920s. Knossos later became an ordinary but flourishing Greek city, and it continued to exist through the Roman period until the 4th cent. A.D. In Greek legend it was the capital of King MinosMinos
, in Greek mythology, king of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa. He was the husband of Pasiphaë, who bore him Androgeus, Glaucus, Ariadne, and Phaedra. Because Minos failed to sacrifice a beautiful white bull to Poseidon, the god caused Pasiphaë to conceive a lustful
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 and the site of the labyrinth. The name also appears as Cnosus and Knossus.


See Sir A. J. Evans, Palace of Minos (4 vol., 1921–35); L. Cottrell, Bull of Minos (1953); L. R. Palmer, A New Guide to the Palace of Knossos (1969); C. Gere, Knossos and the Prophets of Modernism (2009).

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, Cnossus
a ruined city in N central Crete: remains of the Minoan Bronze Age civilization
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The author has chosen a diversity of buildings from various parts of the world, such as the Palace of Minos on Crete, the Chartres Cathedral in France, the Imperial Palace of Beijing, the Taj Mahal of India, the Houses of Parliament in London, the Guggenheim Museum and the Statue of Liberty in New York City, and the Toronto SkyDome in Canada.
DRAMATIC Left, gorgeous burnt-orange tiger lilies, right, a fresco of the Prince of the Lilies, which is displayed in the Palace of Minos in Knossos, Crete, below left, a dark pink Asiatic variety, below right, a striking yellow Asiatic lily, bottom, pale pink and white Lilium regale.
"O Borhes stin Kriti" (Borges in Crete) brings the blind Argentine master to the famous palace of Minos, which was also, theoretically, the original labyrinth, and evokes more correspondences between eras and locations; the trouble of moving "blindly" in the world.(3) In "Oniro tou Frount" (Freud's Dream) Chouliaras creates a surreal poem of myth and identity that turns the analyst's gaze back upon the father of psychology.
Charles is today due to visit Crete where he will tour Knossos and the Palace of Minos.