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A branch of anthropology concerned with the study of fossil humans.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a branch of anthropology that studies the physical types and evolution of fossil man—Archanthropinae, Palaeoanthropus, and ancient Neoanthropinae. Paleoanthropological studies encompass the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods, during which the races of modern man were conclusively formed. It is incorrect to apply the term “paleoanthropology” to investigations of bony remains of ancient man of later historical periods.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a palaeoanthropologist who focuses on the study of fossil bones and teeth, I am often asked why we don't simply address these ( questions of human origins using genetic analyses .
Palaeoanthropologists call this the '1.4 million years of boredom'.
In reading this work I wondered how it will be received by different audiences, the cognoscenti of archaeologists, prehistorians, palaeoanthropologists and geochronologists, all with their vested interests, compared with uninitiated lay readers.
This is a curious argument since it seems to ignore widely held views by palaeoanthropologists that culture took precedence over biology in terms of the ability of modern humans to cope with vastly different environmental circumstances at a fairly early time.
Many of the great discoverers were compelling figures, such as Leonard Woolley of Ur (1880-1960) or Harriet Hawes (1871-1945) who excavated the Minoan village at Gournia on Crete almost alone in the first years of the twentieth century, when the site was inaccessible except by mule; or palaeoanthropologists Louis (1880-1960) and Mary Leakey (1913-96) of Olduvai Gorge fame.
(31) This long struggle is what modern palaeoanthropologists refer to more bluntly as 'hominization'.
The earliest confirmed evidence of controlled fire use dates to several thousand years ago but some palaeoanthropologists argue control began as far back as 1 to 2 million years ago.