Palatalization


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Palatalization

 

(also softening of consonants), a secondary articulation that involves raising the middle part of the back of the tongue to the hard palate to modify the basic articulation of consonants. Palatalization may be combined with any basic consonantal articulation except dorsal. Since the position of the tongue in palatalization is similar to its position in forming the vowel [i], palatalized consonants have an [i]-vowel coloring. Acoustically, palatalization involves the creation of pitches of a higher frequency.

Palatalization is widespread in many languages before front vowels, especially [i]. It is very important in Russian, since it serves as a distinctive feature of phonemes, as in luk (“onion”) and liuk (“hatch”).

References in periodicals archive ?
2012) analyzed data from Mota and Rollemberg (1997), evidencing that the conditioning segment, the palatal glide /j/, may not occur with realizations of [dodju] type, suggesting a process of interaction between palatalization and other processes, such as the deletion of the palatal glide of the falling diphthong (though it is a retention context in other phenomena, in palatalization processes there is a tendency to deletion).
The postalveolar fricative is retroflexed unless palatalization occurs.
a) change from dental to dental alveolar through palatalization (cf.
Chapter three illustrates the linguistic and sociolinguistic characterization of palatalization.
This system can be already described through the consonantal features of palatalization and labialization (C stands for any consonant): [Cu, Ci, Ce, Co] = /C', C', C, C/.
Palatalization of 'n' + palatal vowel in increasing diphthong: 'rimono' instead of 'demonio' (Demon).
The 3MSG is shown by labialization or palatalization in the non-nna- forms.
The palatalization of dental stops: fixed and variable properties.
Palatalization, underspecification, and plane conflation in Chaha.
From the latter field we find locatives, metathesis, middle verbs, mimation, modal verbs, mood (Arabic dialects), mood (Standard Arabic), morphology, nasalization, number, numerals, nunation, object (absolute), palatalization, paronomasia, participle, parts of speech, passive, passive (syntax), pausal forms, performatives, personal pronouns (Arabic dialects), phonological merger, phonological split, poetic license, possession, predicate, prepositions, presentatives, pro-drop, pronominalization, proper names, prothetic vowel, pseudodual, pseudoverbs, punctuation.
5) On the palatalization of the short Brittonic stem vowel /a/as/ae/in Old English names see Jackson (1953:271 f.
Greek contains no glottal stops or double consonants, and there is frequent occurrence of palatalization, whereby nonpalatal consonants are changed to palatal consonants.