Palatalization


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Palatalization

 

(also softening of consonants), a secondary articulation that involves raising the middle part of the back of the tongue to the hard palate to modify the basic articulation of consonants. Palatalization may be combined with any basic consonantal articulation except dorsal. Since the position of the tongue in palatalization is similar to its position in forming the vowel [i], palatalized consonants have an [i]-vowel coloring. Acoustically, palatalization involves the creation of pitches of a higher frequency.

Palatalization is widespread in many languages before front vowels, especially [i]. It is very important in Russian, since it serves as a distinctive feature of phonemes, as in luk (“onion”) and liuk (“hatch”).

References in periodicals archive ?
Investigation of the social distribution of palatalization shows that women's speeches reflect frequent and advanced palatalization, while men's do not.
Fischer already makes efforts to mark word-initial palatalization: kied 'hand' (ked), kjel 'tongue' (kel), kjaw, pjel, fsjada, ssielma, wjete; however, word-internal and word-final palatalization is not represented in any way: kied (ked), kjel (kel), kumen (kemen), peel 'knife' (pejel'), pjel (pel').
The palatalization rule affects/ts s/that appear before a high front articulation [i j] and gives rise to the allophones [t[?
There are a few fast-speech assimilations, such as palatalization, palatal glide spreading, and nasal devoicing, but since these only occur within domains that are defined by pause and rhythm, they are not primary means of investigating phonological boundaries.
the use of thorn or th in words like pei : thei; phonological, to examine some specific features like velarization versus palatalization as in swilk: suche; morphological, where the ending for the 3rd pers.
The comma (U+0326) in the sequence -, renders stem consonant palatalization, notably in three imperfect forms tu'l 'came', vo'l 'was', and pan 'put'.
debuccalization, rhotacism of *z > *r, palatalization of velars before front vocalics, etc.
Another point concerning the logical assibilation types in (5) is that the /j/ referred to here is intended to include not only the segment /j/ but also secondary palatalization (see Romanian in [11] below).
According to classical accounts on this change, the palatalization of West Germanic a into OE ae and its later development into e took place in the dialects spoken in the Mercian dialects of the West Midland area and in Kentish.
i]e was shown as a separate vowel e preceded by palatalization of the letter; the same principle was used with regard to the polyphthongs (Ce, Cie where C is a palatalized consonant) in the 1920s (LL 1922; LL 1923; AK 1923).
the prefixes in SI Otomi undergo regular palatalization of the nasal before a glottal, while the clitic does not).
Estonian and its cognates, Serbo-Croatian, Latvian, English, Japanese), as well as, for example, the acoustics of Estonian diphthongs and consonants, including the palatalization of the latter, and segmental phonetics of several other languages.