Palatalization


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Palatalization

 

(also softening of consonants), a secondary articulation that involves raising the middle part of the back of the tongue to the hard palate to modify the basic articulation of consonants. Palatalization may be combined with any basic consonantal articulation except dorsal. Since the position of the tongue in palatalization is similar to its position in forming the vowel [i], palatalized consonants have an [i]-vowel coloring. Acoustically, palatalization involves the creation of pitches of a higher frequency.

Palatalization is widespread in many languages before front vowels, especially [i]. It is very important in Russian, since it serves as a distinctive feature of phonemes, as in luk (“onion”) and liuk (“hatch”).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The last two cases are highly instructive in so far as they show the palatalization need not always have a graphical representation in the form of a subscript.
The linguistic variants Haeri examined are phonological, namely palatalization and qaf.
The subscript dot for stress, apostrophe for palatalization, colon for vowel length (why?), superscript labial glide between a labial consonant and stressed /o/, and the transcription in general simply cause dismay.
Hogg, 'Tertiary stress in Old English: some reflections on explanatory inadequacy', posits tertiary stress as an explanation for four apparently unrelated Old English sound changes: exceptions to the rules governing medial palatalization of Gmc */sk/; palatal diphthongization of back vowels; failure of First Fronting; and failure of vowels in some suffixes to undergo changes associated with unstressed syllables.
The 12 papers examine the distribution of gender and number in Lunigiana nominal expressions, the syntax of Badiotto and Gardenese, the palatalization of sC clusters, gender agreement in Viterbese, phonological contact between Abruzzian and Romani, adjective modification in Barese, and the use of the complementizers ca and chi in different areas of Sardinia.
The challenges for non-Polish speakers are consonant clusters and the palatalization of consonants (in which the tongue is raised toward the hard palate and forward at the same time the consonant is pronounced).
The item spelled [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in Pallas's printed book may be seen as another representation of the same word: the final A can be interpreted as the reduced vowel [??] but also marking palatalization of the preceding consonant, i.e.
The outcome of palatalization is either a palatalized consonant [[k.sup.j]], [[g.sup.j]], or, in the case of /g/, a plain palatal stop [?].
131 on the same page, Gigge is called "suspect of being non-lranian" because of the lack of palatalization of the velar before "i" (also no.
Palatalization of 'n' + palatal vowel in increasing diphthong: 'rimono' instead of 'demonio' (Demon).