Palatoquadrate Cartilage

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Palatoquadrate Cartilage

 

the primary upper jaw in gnathostomatous vertebrate animals and man.

In cartilaginous fish and in the larvae of amphibians, the palatoquadrate cartilage functions as a jaw; in bony fish, terrestrial vertebrates, and man, it becomes part of the palate with the development of secondary jaws. Articulation of the palatoquadrate cartilage with the skull may be amphistylic, hyostylic, or autostylic. In all bony fish, terrestrial vertebrates, and man, the palatine, pterygoid, and quadrate bones are formed at the site of the palatoquadrate cartilage. (The quadrate bone serves to articulate the lower jaw with the skull and in mammals, including man, becomes one of the auditory ossicles—the incus.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The anterior part (QMA) originates in the palatoquadrate cartilage, fibers run caudally, and the posterior part (QMP) inserts in mandibular cartilage..
Quadratomandibularis deep (QMD): its fibers originate in the palatoquadrate cartilage, run caudally until inserting on mandibular cartilage.
Lateral ethmoid with cartilaginous process contacting palatoquadrate cartilage, ventral to condyle for lacrimal.
This muscle possesses a portion that could be found in the orbita, dorsally to the palatoquadrate cartilage. In the orbital portion of the m.
preorbitalis, there is an enlargement of the maxillary branch, before it reaches the palatoquadrate cartilage.