Palawan

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Palawan

(pälä`wän), island (1990 pop. 528,287), 4,550 sq mi (11,785 sq km), 5th largest of the Philippines, N of Borneo and between the Sulu Archipelago and the South China Sea. Lumbering is an important industry on Palawan. There is concern that excessive logging and slash-and-burn farming will deplete the island's rain forests. What little arable land exists on the island is devoted largely to subsistence farming. The island has important mercury and chromite deposits. The population includes many MorosMoros
[Span.,=Moors], group of Muslim natives, numbering about 3.8 million, of Mindanao, the Sulu Archipelago, and Palawan in the Philippines and of Borneo, who were converted in the great missionary extension of Islam from India in the 15th and 16th cent.
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, mostly in the south, and the Batah and the Palawan, mostly in the rain forests. During World War II, it was the site of a Japanese massacre of American prisoners.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Palawan

 

an island in the western Philippines, between the Sulu Sea on the southeast and the South China Sea on the northwest. Population, 232,000 (1970). Approximately 450 km long, Palawan has an area of 11,800 sq km. The relief is mountainous (elevations to 2,085 m). The island is composed of crystalline rocks overlaid with sandstones, schists, shales, and coral limestones. Along the seacoast (primarily in the north and east) is a belt of coral reefs. There are deposits of manganese ores, mercury, and chromite. Dense tropical forests grow on the slopes. In the valleys and along the coasts, rice is grown and coconut trees are cultivated on plantations. Other occupations of the population include hunting and fishing (sardines, mackerel, tuna). The capital is Puerto Princesa, which is situated on the southeastern shore.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Palawan

an island of the SW Philippines between the South China Sea and the Sulu Sea: the westernmost island in the country; mountainous and forested. Capital: Puerto Princesa. Pop.: 311 550 (latest est.). Area: 11 785 sq. km (4550 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
While Palawan province will only be officially declared malaria-free when no new cases are reported for five consecutive years, there have been no cases this year in Valdez's barangay of Buenavista.
The plane was on a test flight to Palawan province, according to radio reports.
The 14 were among heavily armed rebels of the al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf group who seized the hostages at the resort in Palawan Province, southwest of Manila, in May 2001.
The company has started to look at financing proposals for a 300-km pipeline project that would connect the Batangas province south of Manila and the western Bataan province to the Malampaya natural gas field in Palawan province, southwest of Manila.
After that, they returned to the wedding party in Palawan province in the Philippines with chunks of his flesh.
The ship met rough waves and high winds in waters near Balabac island in Palawan Province, southwest of Manila, Malabanan said.
A Philippine Navy patrol boat fired warning shots at a Chinese fishing vessel found in Philippine waters off the western Philippines' Palawan Province on Sunday, but the Chinese vessel managed to escape, a navy report released Wednesday said.
A rowdy, drunken man was shot and killed by a retired Navy officer in Puerto Princesa City in Palawan province on Thursday (Aug.
In his Monday press briefing, Panelo dismissed Hontiveros' concern, saying China will make its move to conquer even just one Palawan province if it really wanted to.
Miguel Okol said seven of the turboprop planes were grounded following the crash of an OV-10 late Sunday while preparing to land in southwestern Palawan province after a routine training flight.
A Chinese naval frigate had run aground Wednesday, striking the Half Moon Shoal some 70 miles (110 kilometers) off the coast of the Philippines' western Palawan province.