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A branch of anthropology concerned with the study of fossil humans.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a branch of anthropology that studies the physical types and evolution of fossil man—Archanthropinae, Palaeoanthropus, and ancient Neoanthropinae. Paleoanthropological studies encompass the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods, during which the races of modern man were conclusively formed. It is incorrect to apply the term “paleoanthropology” to investigations of bony remains of ancient man of later historical periods.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The last half-century has seen much progress in evolutionary studies in academic fields such as archaeology, paleoanthropology, cognitive neuroscience, music cognition, ethology, primatology, linguistics, and semiotics.
The centrality of the hand to evolution has been a fixture in the field of paleoanthropology. John Napier, who began as an orthopaedic surgeon, wrote influentially in defense of the thesis in his 1980 volume Hands, and Colin McGinn expands the story to account for the singular achievements of a species whose brain has been shaped by the work of the hands.
En Views of the Past, Essays in Old World Prehistory and Paleoanthropology, editado por L.
John Hawks, distinguished professor of paleoanthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and a member of Berger's team, finds this bracing.
Dr Sue Anderson has a Master of Letters in archaeology and paleoanthropology and a PhD in cultural studies.
So Berger and his team issued a call on social media for people with caving skills and a background in paleoanthropology who could fit through such a small space.
Lead researcher Professor Xing Xu, from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) in Beijing, said: "We thought giving this animal a name meaning 'strange wing' was appropriate, because no other bird or dinosaur has a wing of the same kind.
(a) Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044, China;,,
Wolpoff, Paleoanthropology, 2nd ed., New York, McGraw-Hill, 1999; Paul R.
Trinkaus, along with Xiu-Jie Wu, Wu Liu and Song Xing of the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Beijing, and Isabelle Crevecoeur of PACEA, Universite de Bordeaux are the first to offer compelling evidence for interbreeding and gene transfer between Neandertals and modern human ancestors.
More material on social organization and a new archeology section was added to the chapters on primates, and the paleoanthropology chapters have more material and photos on Paleolithic tool traditions, a transition from the Upper Paleolithic to the Holocene, and an expanded section on the history of race and modern examples.