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Intifada (ĭntēfăˈdĕ) [Arab.,=uprising, shaking off], the Palestinian uprising during the late 1980s and early 90s in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, areas that had been occupied by Israel since 1967. A vehicular accident that killed four Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in Dec., 1987, sparked immediate local protests that rapidly spread to the West Bank. The violence was marked by stone-throwing and the use of homemade explosive devices on behalf of the Arabs, and the use of tear gas, rubber bullets, and home demolition by Israeli troops attempting to quell the popular resistance. The conflict led to an Israeli military crackdown and the stagnation of the Arab economies in the occupied territories, but with the gradual establishment of Palestinian self-rule, beginning with the accord between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993, the violence eased significantly.

The term “intifada” has also been used to describe the anti-Israeli uprising that began after the Sept. 20, 2000, visit of the right-wing Israeli politician Ariel Sharon to the Jerusalem holy site known as (to Jews) the Temple Mount or (to Arabs) the Haram esh-Sherif. Arising out of Palestinian frustration with the slow progress since the since 1993, the fighting has had the character more of a guerrilla war and has been marked by the use of suicide bomb attacks by Hamas, the Islamic Jihad, and elements of the PLO and by Israeli attacks on official Palestinian installations and reoccupation of areas Israeli forces had left after 1993.

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the Palestinian uprising against Israel in the West Bank and Gaza Strip that started at the end of 1987
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In the meantime, no one answered a question in regard to the position which would have been reached by the Palestinian uprising had it upheld a peaceful character, just like the first one.
In a letter to Apple CEO Steve Jobs, Public Diplomacy Minister Yuli-Yoel Edelstein said the application "ThirdIntifada" - a reference to a future Palestinian uprising - passed on information about protests, some violent, planned against Israel.
From the moment the Palestinian uprising began, the price of the occupation rose.
At a recent conference I was repeatedly asked about the prospects for a third Palestinian uprising, or Intifada.
Women in Black demonstrations began in Jerusalem weeks after the first Palestinian uprising erupted and soon spread to dozens of locations throughout the country.
Israel says it's ready to work with the new Palestinian leadership after years of stalemate and the Palestinian uprising against Israel has fizzled out.
The Palestinian uprising has fizzled and Israel says it is ready to work with the new Palestinian leadership after seven years of stalemate.
An American Jew who served as a guard in the largest prison in Israel and his prisoner Rafiq, a leader in the PLO, met in 1990 during the first Palestinian uprising, and were to embark on a conversation which was to evolve into a unique friendship despite seemingly insurmountable differences.
He returns to touch the land, now riven by war in Iraq and the Palestinian uprising in Israel.
One is stopping Palestinian terrorism: Suicide bombings have killed nearly 1,000 Israelis since the latest Palestinian uprising began in 2000.
The State Department warning, which was established at the start of the Palestinian uprising (intifada) in September 2000, urges American citizens "to defer" their travel to the Holy Land because of violence.
"The age-old link between Jerusalem and Bethlehem is nearly severed as a result of Israeli policies including settlements, a host of physical barriers, and roads restricted to Israelis," says the text, in reference to the Israeli restrictions imposed after the outbreak of the Palestinian uprising four years ago.

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