(Semen Filippovich Gurko). Born in the 1640’s in the city of Borzna, now in Chernigov Oblast; died January 1710. Leader of the Ukrainian Right-bank cossacks. Son of a cossack.

Palii studied at the Kiev Brotherhood School and spent considerable time in the Zaporozh’e Sech’. In the early 1680’s he emerged as a leader of the popular movement for the colonization of the deserted lands of the Dnieper region and the restoration of cossack communities there. Responding to Palii’s appeal, fugitive peasants and cossacks began settling the region. The stronghold of the movement became Fastov, where the settlers built a fortification and successfully repulsed attacks by Tatars and Turks.

In the late 1680’s, Palii, together with Z. Iskra, A. Abazin, and S. Samus’, headed the liberation struggle of the cossacks and the peasantry in the Right-bank Ukraine. Cossack regiments under Palii’s command liberated from Polish rule a number of Ukrainian cities in the Kiev and Bratslav regions. Palii was arrested by the Polish authorities in 1689 but escaped in 1690. From 1702 to 1704 the struggle of the popular masses of the Right-bank Ukraine grew into an uprising that spread to Podolia, Volyn’, and the Kiev region. In 1704, Hetman Mazepa falsely accused Palii of secret contacts with pro-Swedish Polish magnates and arrested him. Palii spent from 1705 to 1708 in exile in Tomsk but was returned by Peter I after Mazepa’s betrayal. As colonel of Belaia Tserkov’, Palii fought in the battle of Poltava of 1709. The Ukrainian people have preserved Palii’s memory in songs and legends, and T. Shevchenko immortalized him in the works The Monk and The Seamstress.


Shutoi, V. E. “Kazachii predvoditel’.” Voprosy istorii, 1972, no. 1.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, the following officials were dismissed from office: Governments Secretary General Lilia Palii, director of the Public Properties Agency, Vladimir Baldovici, the secretary general of the Interior Ministry, Simion Carp, as well as the director general of the National Food Safety Agency, Ion Sula.
Una ontologia es una especificacion formal y explicita de una conceptualizacion compartida de un dominio (Hofmann, Palii, & Mihelcic, 2011).
(44.) Schwarz JM, Noworolski SM, Erkin-Cakmak A, Korn NJ, Wen MJ, Tai VW, Jones GM, Palii SP, Velasco-Alin M, Pan K, Patterson BW, Gugliucci A, Lustig RH, Mulligan K.
Palii et al., "Targeting retinal and choroid neovascularization using the small molecule inhibitor carboxyamidotriazole," Brain Research Bulletin, vol.
His treatment of Mazepa was fairly neutral on the surface but for the first time acquainted the West-European public of that time with a relatively accurate general outline of the Hetman's career: his election as Hetman in 1687, his warm I reception in Moscow in 1689 when Peter overthrew his half-sister Sophia and began to rule in his own right, and his conflicts with other Ukrainian Cossack leaders such as Palii and Petryk.
Machiavelli, 623, also records one of these races in his Vita di Castruccio Castracani: Castruccio, "[fece] in dispregio de' Fiorentini battere monete, correre palii a cavagli, a uomini e a meretrici."
In this context, the State Secretary of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Protection, Aliona Serbulenco, member of the Social Protection, Health and Family Parliamentary Committee, Boris Golovin and the head of the Pediatric Clinic of the Mother and Child Institute, Ina Palii visited the sanitarium to ensure that the children will receive appropriate medical assistance and have discussed with parents about the treatment methods that will be granted and its benefits.
Lida Palii (known also as Lydia Palij) is a modern poet whose themes are loneliness, unfulfilled love, the evanescence of life.