Palinuridae


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Related to Palinuridae: lobster, spiny lobster

Palinuridae

[‚pal·ə′nyu̇r·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The spiny lobsters or langoustes, a family of macruran decapod crustaceans belonging to the Scyllaridea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Palinuridae

 

(spiny lobsters), a family of animals of the order Decapoda. These decapods, which are distributed in warm seas, resemble lobsters of the genera Homarus and Nephrops but lack chelae. The body, which measures up to 60 cm long, and the thick antennae are covered with powerful spines. These edible lobsters are commercially valuable. The principal commercial species are the European langouste (Palinurus vulgaris), P. argus, P. interruptus, P. japonicus, and the cape crawfish (Jasus lolandei). The European langouste is found in the the Atlantic coastal waters of Europe and in the Mediterranean Sea. P. interruptus is distributed in the Pacific Ocean, near California and Mexico. P. argus occupies the American coastal waters of the Atlantic. P. japonicus is found near Japan, and /. lolandei near southern Africa, southern Australia, and New Zealand. The lobsters are caught with stationary nets and basket traps.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The role of benthic habitat, oceanography, and fishing on the population dynamics of the spiny lobster, Panulirus marginatus (Decapoda, Palinuridae), in the Hawaiian Archipelago.
A semi-quantitative collector of the puerulus larvae of the western rock lobster Panulirus longipes cygnus George (Decapoda: Palinuridae).
A late stage phyllosoma larva of the spiny lobster Panulirus echinatus Smith, 1869 (Crustacea: Palinuridae) identified by DNA analysis.
Catch composition of the spiny lobster Panulirus gracilis (Decapoda: Palinuridae) off the western coast of Mexico.
These results agree with previous studies that indicated that juvenile Palinuridae lobsters are an important component of the diet of coastal reef fish of the families Lutjanidae (Lutjanus griseus) and Latidae (Psammoperca waigiensis) (Howard 1988, Mintz et al.
Variations of the nutritional condition of lobsters Panulirus argus (Decapoda: Palinuridae) in Eastern region of the Gulf of Batabano, Cuba.
Spiny lobsters (family Palinuridae) are large decapod crustaceans that sustain important fisheries throughout the tropical and subtropical seas of the world, where they inhabit shallow coral and rocky habitats.
Abstract--Body size at gonadal maturity is described for females of the slipper lobster (Scyllarides squammosus) (Scyllaridae) and the endemic Hawaiian spiny lobster (Panulirus marginatus) (Palinuridae) based on microscopic examination of histological preparations of ovaries.