Pallava

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Pallava

(pəlä`vä), S Indian dynasty that established its capital at KanchipuramKanchipuram
, formerly Conjeeveram, city (1991 pop. 171,129), Tamil Nadu state, S India. Sacred to Hindus, it is known as the "golden city" and the "Varanasi of the south.
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 in the 4th cent. A.D. Of obscure origin, it grew wealthy and strong and is most noted for its patronage of Dravidian architecture, especially for the so-called Seven Pagodas of MahabalipuramMahabalipuram
, town, Tamil Nadu state, SE India, a coastal resort on the Coromandel Coast. Archaeological remains there represent some of the earliest-known examples of Dravidian architecture (c.7th cent. A.D.) in India.
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. The Pallavas engaged in constant warfare with the ChalukyasChalukya
, several S Indian dynasties that ruled in the Deccan. They claimed descent from Pulakesin I (reigned 543–566), who established himself at Badami (in N Karnataka). The Early Chalukyas held power in N Karnataka from the 6th cent.
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 of Badami and were finally eclipsed by the CholaChola
, S Indian dynasty, whose kingdom was in what is now Tamil Nadu. Its chief capitals were at Kanchi (Kanchipuram) and Thanjavur (Tanjore). The Chola kingdom was one of the three of ancient Tamil tradition, but the dynasty had been virtually submerged for centuries when at
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 kings in the 8th cent.

Pallava

 

the name of the ruling family of Pallava, a state that existed from the third to the ninth century in southern India, in what is now northern Tamil Nadu. Three Pallava dynasties are known. The first lasted from the third to the sixth century; the second, from the late sixth to the mid-eighth century; and the third, from the mid-eighth to the late ninth century. The Pallavas reached their greatest power under Narasimha I (seventh century), who defeated the Chalukyas of Vatapi and made a successful incursion into Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). In 893 the Pallava state was destroyed by the Cholas. Some vassal rulers from the Pallava family continued from the tenth to the 13th century.