Palma

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Palma

or

Palma de Mallorca

(päl`mä thā mälyôr`kä), city (1990 pop. 325,120), capital of MajorcaMajorca
, Span. Mallorca , island (1991 pop. 602,074), 1,405 sq mi (3,639 sq km), Spain, largest of the Balearic Islands, in the W Mediterranean. Palma is the chief city.
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 island and of Baleares prov., Spain, on the Bay of Palma. It is the chief port and commercial center of the Balearic IslandsBalearic Islands
, Span. Baleares , archipelago, off Spain, in the W Mediterranean, an autonomous community coextensive with Baleares prov. (2011 pop. 1,100,503), 1,927 sq mi (4,992 sq km), Spain. Palma is the capital. The chief islands are Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza.
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. Picturesquely situated along the bay and into the surrounding hills, it is one of Europe's most renowned resorts. Its international airport is one of the busiest in Spain. Craft industries and the manufacture of furniture and textiles supplement the tourism. Stone Age remains have been found. The imposing Gothic cathedral, founded after James I of Aragón wrested (1229) Palma from the Moors, was finished only in the 17th cent. Nearby are the Castillo della Almudaina (once a Moorish palace), and the 15th-century Lonja [exchange]. There are several ancient churches, notably that of San Francisco (13th cent.), and fine private homes. The former royal palace of Bellver, c.2 mi (3.2 km) W of Palma, is a good example of 14th-century military architecture. The city has several fine modern and contemporary art museums, including the Miró Foundation. Palma was an important naval and air base of the Nationalists during the Spanish civil warSpanish civil war,
1936–39, conflict in which the conservative and traditionalist forces in Spain rose against and finally overthrew the second Spanish republic. The Second Republic
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 (1936–39).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Palma

 

a city and port in Spain located on the southwest coast of the island of Mallorca (Balearic Islands). Capital of the province of Baleares. Population, 222,800 (1971).

Palma is a major tourist center, with up to 2 million tourists visiting annually. The population is chiefly employed in service industries. Palma has enterprises in the food-processing, leather goods and footwear, textile, glass, and machine-building industries. Rugs are also produced by local industry. The port handles more than 1.4 million tons of goods annually. Wine, vegetables, fruit, and almonds are among the city’s exports. There is a major international airport near Palma.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Palma

1
Jacopo , known as Palma Vecchio, original name Jacopo Negretti. ?1480--1528, Venetian painter, noted esp for his portraits of women

Palma

2
the capital of the Balearic Islands, on the SW coast of Majorca: a tourist centre. Pop.: 367 277 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005