Rajani Palme Dutt

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dutt, Rajani Palme


Born June 19, 1896, in Cambridge. A figure in the British and international workers’ movement; historian and publicist.

Dutt was the son of an Indian physician. (His mother was Swedish.) In 1916 he served in the army but was sent to prison for an antiwar action. Dutt studied at Oxford University; in 1917 he was expelled for spreading Marxist propaganda, but he passed his examinations for the university degree as a special nonmatriculating student. From 1914 to 1920, Dutt was a member of the Independent Workers’ Party. He became a member of the British Communist Party when it was founded in 1920. In 1922 he became a member of the Central Committee (since 1943, on the Executive Committee) and the Politburo (since 1943, on the Political Committee of the Executive Committee) of the Communist Party. From 1943 to 1961, Dutt was vice-chairman of the Executive Committee of the Communist Party, and from 1961 to 1965 he was vice-president of the Communist Party. In 1921 he began editing the journal Labour Monthly. From 1922 to 1924 he edited the newspaper Workers Weekly, and from 1936 to 1938 he edited the newspaper Daily Worker. At the Seventh Congress of the Comintern (1935) he was elected a candidate member of that body’s Executive Committee.

Dutt is the author of many books and pamphlets on theoretical, political, historical, and economic questions. In his works he analyzes the crisis and disintegration of the colonial system, the specifics of the crisis of British imperialism, and the character of the national liberation movement in India and other countries. His works have facilitated the unmasking of the bourgeois and reformist concept of the historical development of the British Empire, Great Britain, and India, and particularly the theory of the “peaceful transformation” of the British Empire into a “commonwealth of independent and equal states” and the “voluntary” granting by Great Britain of independence to its colonies. In 1962, Dutt received an honorary doctorate in history from Moscow State University.


Modern India. London, 1927.
Capitalism or Socialism in Britain? London, 1931
Life and Teachings of V. I. Lenin. New York, 1934.
World Politics 1918–1936. New York, 1936.
The Problem of India. New York, 1943.
Britain’s Crisis of Empire. London, 1950
In Russian translation:
Novyi angliiskii reformizm
. [Leningrad] 1928.
Fashizm i sotsialisticheskaia revoliutsiia. Moscow, 1935.
Indiia segondnia. Moscow, 1948.
Krizis Britanii i Britanskoi imperii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1959. “Sud’by ’Sodruzhestva.’ ” Mezhdunarodnaia zhizn’, 1969, no. 5.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rajani Palme Dutt's ringing endorsement of Sheikh Abdullah and the movement against autocracy in Kashmir both reflected and gave impetus to Indian communist activity in this out-of-the-way valley in the Himalayan foothills.
Palme Dutt's India To-Day, a huge book first published in 1940 at which time the author had never set foot in India, was enormously influential there.
'The people's movement of Kashmir', declared the British communist Rajani Palme Dutt in the summer of 1946, 'is the strongest and most militant of any Indian State ...
(28) It was arguably the biggest organised political mobilisation the Kashmir Valley had seen--and was the movement that won the attention and applause of Rajani Palme Dutt. The concept of the sovereignty of the people which had been part-expressed in the 'New Kashmir' document was more powerfully achieved on the streets.
In England he was inspired by noted Communist Philosopher and prolific writer Rajani Palme Dutt.
On the other hand, it rather endorses Matt Perry's excellent biography "Red Ellen" Wilkinson (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015), which sees "Red Ellen," referred to as such because of the colour of her hair and her fiery temperament, as a transnational figure operating in the world of international socialism and greatly affected by the various socialist and Marxists she met, including Robert Blatchford, Keir Hardie, Rajani Palme Dutt, Lenin and Trotsky--the lionesque figures of their day.
She always recalled Palme Dutt as the man who drank six cups of tea.
This fell with the NaziSoviet pact, set to lyrical strains by Palme Dutt, but rose again with the Party's enthusiastic support for the war once Russia was forced into it and showed how it could be won.
According to Rajani Palme Dutt, manoeuvring for Mann to be elected to the top leadership group in 1935, he was: 'Our only ornament'.
Apparently Torr was dissatisfied with her booklet, sending a copy to Salme Dutt, Palme Dutt's wife, in which she described it as her 'mangy little Tom Mann' and wrote that 'I blush for it and wish it buried'.
La journaliste nous entraine dans les dedales de la salle de redaction du Daily Worker et fait revivre toute une gallerie de personnages: Harry Pollitt, Rajani Palme Dutt, les membres du Comite central, et surtout l'equipe du Daily Worker rassemblee autour de Johnny Campbell.