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Related to Palpation: motion palpation


Diagnostic examination by touch.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a method of medical examination of a patient. Palpation in the broad sense, for example, feeling the pulse, is mentioned as early as the works of Hippocrates; however, for examination of internal organs it became common in the second half of the 19th century, following the work of R. Laënnec, Joseph Ŝkoda, and V. P. Obraztsov. Palpation is based on tactile perception that results from moving and pressing the fingers or palm of the palpating hand. Tissues and organs are palpated to determine their position, size, shape, consistency, mobility, topographic interrelations, and tenderness.

Palpation may be superficial or deep. Superficial palpation is performed with one or both palms placed flat on the examined area of the skin, joints, heart, or other part of the body. Blood vessels are palpated with the tips of the fingers to determine fullness and the condition of the walls. Deep palpation is performed by special methods that differ for examination of the stomach, intestinal tract (sliding palpation, developed by Obraztsov), liver, spleen and kidneys, rectum, vagina, and other organs.


Miasnikov, A. L. Osnovy diagnostiki i chastnoi patologii (propedevtika) vnutrennikh boleznei, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1951.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Categorical data including pregnancy rates depending on P4 levels and rectal palpation and pregnancy loss were analyzed using chi-square test.
However these authors tend to present palpation of the scalenus muscles as straightforward, with little reference to the anatomy of the region.
Once cows are sorted, they can be restrained and treated using a palpation rail or a chute located in the catch lane, or may be taken to a catch pen containing self-locking stalls.
After kindling, palpation makes it possible to detect does with retained fetuses.
However, their performance was much worse in auscultation of the carotid (65% correct), assessment for pedal edema (40%), palpation of the sternal border (39%), and palpation of the base of the heart (7%).
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Data collected from the pathology reports included: (1) age and sex of patient; (2) location of lesion that underwent FNA; (3) size of lesion; (4) method of FNA performed (palpation guided or ultrasound guided); (5) FNA specimen adequacy status (diagnostic or inadequate/nondiagnostic); and (6) number of FNA passes performed for each procedure.
Whereas the remaining eight questions (Q6-Q13) were about the pain during palpation on specific anatomic locations with "Yes" or "No" options.
Rectal palpation is diagnostic for uterine torsion: one broad ligament is stretched horizontally across the top of the uterus, crossing ventrally and laterally across the midline.
The RDC/TMD also enables a discerning evaluation of pain symptoms in the masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joints through palpation. Characterized as a widely employed evaluation in clinical practice, palpation offers the examiner the ability to investigate the harmony among the actions of the masticatory muscles and the functioning of the temporomandibular joint [15].
Precise localisation of such tumours in open surgeries is performed by palpation, especially in cases of intraluminal malignancies without surface invasion.
Pain during palpation of the TMJ and on supplemental muscles was the last measure.