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a place where live animals are kept under natural conditions for study, research, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an enclosure in which different animals, mainly laboratory animals used for experimental purposes, are kept. A vivarium can also be used as a place to breed animals. There are specialized vivariums for dogs, monkeys, and other animals and general vivariums in which various animal species are kept. Vivariums are used mostly to keep dogs, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, white rats, white mice, hamsters, and gerbils. Vivariums may include aquariums, insectaries, terraria, and open-air cages for birds.

Microbiological research organizations have vivariums in which animals that are particularly susceptible to diseases caused by microorganisms (such as mice and rats) are usually kept. To prevent the spread of diseases, including those experimentally induced, the animals are usually kept in isolated, easily disinfected metal or glass cages.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An enclosure for raising animals and keeping them under observation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.