Palynology


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palynology

[‚pal·ə′näl·ə·jē]
(paleontology)
The study of spores, pollen, microorganisms, and microscopic fragments of megaorganisms that occur in sediments.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Palynology

 

the aggregate of branches of science (above all, botany) dealing with the study of pollen grains and spores. Many scientists define palynology as an independent science studying pollen and spores and their dissemination and uses. The term “palynology” was proposed in 1944 by the English paleobotanists H. Hyde and D. Williams.

The principal subdivision of palynology is palynomorphology, which studies the shape, structure, and development of spores and pollen grains (male gametophytes of seed plants). The ex-tines and, less frequently, the perinia have characteristic morphological features that are important in spore-pollen analysis. Comparative palynomorphological research is used in the taxonomy of plants (palynotaxonomy) and in the study of the dissemination and fossilization of pollen grains and spores.

Spore-pollen analysis, primarily of sedimentary rocks and peat, helps solve various paleobotanical, geomorphological, and geological (stratigraphic) problems. Palynologists also study the composition of beebread and pollen in honey (mellittopalynology). The study of pollen grains and spores is valuable in determining the causes of certain types of allergies (medical palynology). Spore-pollen analysis is also used in criminology (forensic palynology). The use of spores and pollen grains for the production of alloyed steel is also under study.

REFERENCES

Neishtadt, M. I. Palinologiia v SSSR (1952–1957). Moscow, 1960.
Sladkov, A. N. Vvedenie v sporovo-pyl’tsevoi analiz. Moscow, 1967.
Erdtman, G. Introduction till palynologin. Stockholm, 1963.

A. N. SLADKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nyong, "Palynostratigraphy of Nkporo Shale exposures (late Campanian-Maastrichtian) on the Calabar Flank, SE Nigeria," Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, vol.
Palynology of Permian and Triassic strata in the Salt Range and Surghar Range, West Pakistan.
Palynology Lecture Notes, Karadeniz Technical University Lecture Notes Number: 67, Trabzon, [Turkish].
(1997): "Late Glacial and early Holocene vegetation succession, altitudinal vegetation zonation, and climatic change in the Serra da Estrela, Portugal", Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 97, pp.
We thank Peter Stringer for providing his personal field notes and palynology data for the compilation of this manuscript.
Palynology of early Triassic strata (Mianwali Formation-Nammal Gorge Section), Western Salt Range Pakistan.Unpub.Ph.D.Thesis, Univ.Punjab,101 p.
Vaughn Bryant is the Director of the Palynology Laboratory and a professor in the Department of Anthropology at Texas A&M University.
* Palynology: Study of pollen and spores, both living and fossil, produced by land plants and protists.
Piperno, "The occurrence of phytoliths in the reproductive structures of selected tropical angiosperms and their significance in tropical paleoecology, paleoethnobotany and systematics," Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, vol.