Pamir


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Pamir

(pəmēr`, pä–) or

Pamirs,

mountainous region of central Asia, located mainly in Tajikistan and extending into NE Afghanistan and SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China; called the "roof of the world." Many peaks rise to more than 20,000 ft (6,096 m); Ismoili Somoni PeakIsmoili Somoni Peak,
24,590 ft (7,495 m) high, NW Tajikistan, in the Pamir; the highest point in Tajikistan. Originally called Garmo Peak, it was determined (1932–33) the highest peak in the USSR and was renamed Stalin Peak. In 1962 the peak was renamed Communism Peak.
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 (24,590 ft/7,495 m) and Lenin PeakLenin Peak
or Ibn Sina Peak,
formerly Kaufmann Peak
, 23,405 ft (7,134 m) high, on the border of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Also known as Kuh-i-Gamo [warm mountain], it is the highest point in the Trans-Alai range, and in the USSR its height was exceeded only
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 (also known as Ibn Sina Peak and Kuh-i-Gamo; 23,508 ft/7,165 m) are the Pamir's highest. The region forms a geologic structural knot from which the great Tian ShanTian Shan
or Tien Shan
[Chin.,=celestial mountains], mountain system of central Asia, extending c.1,500 mi (2,410 km) from the Pamir Mts., Tajikistan, NE through the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, to the China-Mongolia border; Pobeda Peak (24,406 ft/7,439
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, KarakorumKarakorum
or Karakoram,
mountain range, extending c.300 mi (480 km), between the Indus and Yarkant rivers, N Kashmir, S central Asia; SE extension of the Hindu Kush. It covers disputed territory, held by China on the north, India on the east, and Pakistan on the west.
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, KunlunKunlun
, great mountain system of central Asia, between the Himalayas and the Tian Shan, extending c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) E from the Pamir Mts., along the Tibet-Xinjiang border in W China and into Qinghai prov.
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, and Hindu KushHindu Kush
, a high mountain system, extending c.500 mi (800 km) W from the Pamir Knot, N Pakistan, into NE Afghanistan; rising to 25,236 ft (7,692 m) in Tirich Mir, on the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
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 mountain systems radiate. Snowcapped throughout the year, the Pamir experiences long cold winters and cool summers. Annual precipitation is c.5 in. (12.7 cm), which supports grasslands but few trees. Several large glaciers, including the 144-mi-long (231-km) Murghab Valley glacier, are in the Pamir. Coal is mined in the W Pamir, but nomadic sheep herding in the upland meadows is the main economic activity. Terek Pass, used by Italian traveler Marco Polo on his way to China in 1271, is one of several high passes used by routes passing through the Pamir. The French explorer Pierre BonvalotBonvalot, Pierre Gabriel Édouard
, 1853–1933, French explorer and author. In 1880–82 he visited central Asia, explored Kohistan, and returned to France by way of Bukhara, the Caspian sea, and the Caucasus.
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 made the first European north-south crossing of the Pamir in 1886.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to our studies the country could produce 818 kWh of electricity in total from its now-idle resources including solar power and hydroelectric power potential," Pamir argued.
Pamir FC was formed ten years ago and mainly comprises players from Afghanistan, but has some other nationalities in its 20-strong squad.
Pamir Airways is one of three major private airlines that operate mostly domestic routes across Afghanistan.
A Pamir Airways aircraft destined for Kabul lost contact with air traffic control on Monday after taking off from Kundoz.
Pamir Airways is a private Afghan airline based in Kabul with daily flights to major Afghan cities, as well as services to Dubai, Delhi in India, and to Saudi Arabia for the Hajj pilgrimage.
It's not only building a pipeline; you need to develop the [gas] fields in Iraq," says Pamir, who teaches energy politics at Bilkent University in Ankara.
TEN SHUN hit the bar when going for his hat-trick in the finale at Windsor yesterday, as Pamir, who was nibbled at - at big prices - stayed on well under a strong drive from Jim Crowley.
Zhang's 13-year trip over the Pamir Mountains into Central Asia was one of the greatest journeys of exploration in history.
She assigns Submaster Captains Washen and Pamir to deal with the Polyponds, gigantic water beings that are attacking the Great Ship.
He was born into a nomad family in Pamir in the autonomous region and began his business, Pamir Frontier Trade Co.
Mr Winn, former deputy head at Foxford Comprehensive, Longford, who originally left with Edwina to run the VSO-aided Pamir Public School in Garamchashma, said: "Saying farewell to our friends and teachers at the school was the hardest thing.
They have lived for 25 millennia high in the remote Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan, surfacing occasionally, and then known as Yeti, Sasquatch or Bigfoot.