Pamir


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Pamir

(pəmēr`, pä–) or

Pamirs,

mountainous region of central Asia, located mainly in Tajikistan and extending into NE Afghanistan and SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China; called the "roof of the world." Many peaks rise to more than 20,000 ft (6,096 m); Ismoili Somoni PeakIsmoili Somoni Peak,
24,590 ft (7,495 m) high, NW Tajikistan, in the Pamir; the highest point in Tajikistan. Originally called Garmo Peak, it was determined (1932–33) the highest peak in the USSR and was renamed Stalin Peak. In 1962 the peak was renamed Communism Peak.
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 (24,590 ft/7,495 m) and Lenin PeakLenin Peak
or Ibn Sina Peak,
formerly Kaufmann Peak
, 23,405 ft (7,134 m) high, on the border of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Also known as Kuh-i-Gamo [warm mountain], it is the highest point in the Trans-Alai range, and in the USSR its height was exceeded only
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 (also known as Ibn Sina Peak and Kuh-i-Gamo; 23,508 ft/7,165 m) are the Pamir's highest. The region forms a geologic structural knot from which the great Tian ShanTian Shan
or Tien Shan
[Chin.,=celestial mountains], mountain system of central Asia, extending c.1,500 mi (2,410 km) from the Pamir Mts., Tajikistan, NE through the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, to the China-Mongolia border; Pobeda Peak (24,406 ft/7,439
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, KarakorumKarakorum
or Karakoram,
mountain range, extending c.300 mi (480 km), between the Indus and Yarkant rivers, N Kashmir, S central Asia; SE extension of the Hindu Kush. It covers disputed territory, held by China on the north, India on the east, and Pakistan on the west.
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, KunlunKunlun
, great mountain system of central Asia, between the Himalayas and the Tian Shan, extending c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) E from the Pamir Mts., along the Tibet-Xinjiang border in W China and into Qinghai prov.
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, and Hindu KushHindu Kush
, a high mountain system, extending c.500 mi (800 km) W from the Pamir Knot, N Pakistan, into NE Afghanistan; rising to 25,236 ft (7,692 m) in Tirich Mir, on the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
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 mountain systems radiate. Snowcapped throughout the year, the Pamir experiences long cold winters and cool summers. Annual precipitation is c.5 in. (12.7 cm), which supports grasslands but few trees. Several large glaciers, including the 144-mi-long (231-km) Murghab Valley glacier, are in the Pamir. Coal is mined in the W Pamir, but nomadic sheep herding in the upland meadows is the main economic activity. Terek Pass, used by Italian traveler Marco Polo on his way to China in 1271, is one of several high passes used by routes passing through the Pamir. The French explorer Pierre BonvalotBonvalot, Pierre Gabriel Édouard
, 1853–1933, French explorer and author. In 1880–82 he visited central Asia, explored Kohistan, and returned to France by way of Bukhara, the Caspian sea, and the Caucasus.
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 made the first European north-south crossing of the Pamir in 1886.
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References in periodicals archive ?
There are so many students who can't afford the fees or have not been to school in many years," the principal of Pamir Private School, Aziza Hassan Ali, told Khaleej Times.
Karl Max peak with a height of 6785 meters is the highest point of the Shahdarinsky ridge, located in the southwest of the Pamir in Tajikistan.
The aim of the conference was to protect and nurture the phenomenal potential of rich music of the diverse ethnicities of Gilgit-Baltistan, Kohistan, Chitral, Swat and many places of Wakhan and Pamir.
According to 209th Shaheen Corps, Pamir operations were launched four days ago in Dasht district and are still being conducted to suppress the militant groups.
Pamir criticised the drilling by the Cyprus government "contrary toTurkish law", and said Turkish Cypriots also had a right to gas reserves.
Given the geography of the Pamir Mountains, building infrastructure in the Wakhan could be difficult and costly.
Under his rule, 13,000 officers have been sacked and more than 50 general officers have been imprisoned for corruption, by Pamir's count.
Sayed Qurban Musawi, Executive Officer of Pamir 20 Battalion said that operation against the Taliban militants was started one week ago with the name of Pamir-24 and Afghan Air Force is also assisting the ground force in the operation and adding that 88 Taliban fighters were killed and 78 others were injured during the operation.
Summary: Kabul [Afghanistan], Sep 28 (ANI): At least three people have been killed and 16 others injured after an (Improvised Explosive Device) IED blast occurred close to a mosque in Cinema Pamir area in Kabul City of Afghanistan on Thursday.
Snow leopard range in Pakistan spreads across 80,000 square kilometers in the Hindu Kush, Pamir, Karakoram and Himalayan Mountain Ranges of northern Pakistan.
In winter, the vortex affects the temperature over the whole 2,000-kilometer mountain range, but in the summer the vortex contracts and has an effect only over the Karakoram and western Pamir, said the study.
According to an international news agency the Afghan army commandos launched a night raid operation in the northern side of the district, killing six armed militants and injuring eight others," Abdul Khalil, a press officer of army's Division 20 Pamir based in the region, told.