Pamplona

(redirected from Pampelune)
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Related to Pampelune: Pompaelo, Iruñea, Irunea

Pamplona

(pämplō`nä), city (1990 pop. 183,525), capital of NavarreNavarre
, Span. Navarra , autonomous community and province (2011 pop. 640,129), 4,012 sq mi (10,391 sq km), N Spain, bordering on France, between the W Pyrenees and the Ebro River. Pamplona is the capital.
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, N Spain, on the Arga River. An older spelling is Pampeluna. It is an important communications, agricultural, and industrial center, manufacturing crafts, paper, and chemicals. The Univ. of Navarre (1952) is there.

An ancient city of the BasquesBasques
, people of N Spain and SW France. There are about 2 million Basques in the three Basque provs. and Navarre, Spain; some 250,000 in Labourd, Soule, and Lower Navarre, France; and communities of various sizes in Central and South America and other parts of the world.
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, it was repeatedly captured (5th–9th cent.) by the Visigoths, the Franks, and the Moors, but none of the conquerors—not even CharlemagneCharlemagne
(Charles the Great or Charles I) [O.Fr.,=Charles the great], 742?–814, emperor of the West (800–814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768–814).
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, who took it in 778 and razed its walls—exercised control for long. In 824 the Basque kingdom of Pamplona, later called the kingdom of Navarre, was founded. Pamplona remained the capital of Navarre until 1512, when Ferdinand V united the major part of Navarre with Castile. In the Peninsular WarPeninsular War,
1808–14, fought by France against Great Britain, Portugal, Spanish regulars, and Spanish guerrillas in the Iberian Peninsula. Origin and Occupation
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, Pamplona was taken (1808) by the French and (1813) by the English.

The city is still surrounded by old walls and fortifications and has retained its Gothic cathedral (14th–15th cent.). The celebration of the feast of San Fermin, described in Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises, is marked by running bulls to the bullring. Many residents and visitors run with the bulls through the streets, risking injury and even death.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pamplona

 

a city in northern Spain, in the Pyrenees, in the Arga River (a tributary of the Aragon) valley. Capital of Naverre Province. Population, 147,200 (1971). Pamplona has chemical, machine-building, pulp and paper, and food-processing industries. It has a university and is a tourist center.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Pamplona

a city in N Spain in the foothills of the Pyrenees: capital of the kingdom of Navarre from the 11th century until 1841. Pop.: 190 937 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Les Madrilenes ont de leur cote offert a leur entraEneur Jose Mourinho, sur le depart et pressenti a Chelsea, une derniere victoire (4-2) a Bernabeu contre Pampelune. En s'imposant (1-0) sur le terrain de La Corogne grace a un but de Griezmann (22e), la Real Sociedad a depossede Valence de sa 4e place, terminant finalement 1 point devant les Valenciens qui devront se contenter de l'Europa League.
Colette Yver's Mirabelle de Pampelune of 1917, for one, is an accomplished novel which explores the problematic nature of heroism by intertwining two narratives: that of Mirabelle and her knight at the time of the Crusades and t hat of Edith and Louise and their suitors during the Great War.
Another example of laudable pity, or compassion, for the suffering of someone else occurs in tale 26 at the deathbed of the dame de Pampelune. The seigneur d'Avannes is distressed by the sight of the agony of the dame: "[il] avoit le cueur aussi mort par compassion qu'elle par douleur" [his heart was as stricken by compassion as hers by suffering]" (219).
Malaga s'est impose avant-hier samedi sur le fil (1-0) a domicile contre l'Osasuna Pampelune, les Andalous se portant ainsi a hauteur de Valence, 5e ex-aequo, tenu en echec (3-3) sur le terrain de l'Espanyol au terme d'un match debride, pour la 31e journee du Championnat en d'Espagne.
This novel, Mirabelle de Pampelune (1917), was written by Colette Yver.
Archi-dominateurs face a un Pampelune reduit la plupart du temps a defendre, les Ciel et Blanc n'ont pourtant pas trouve la faille durant le temps reglementaire, butant notamment sur un excellent portier, Andres Fernandez.