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Pamphylia(pămfĭl`ēə), ancient region of S Asia Minor, on the coast between Lycia and Cilicia, in present S Turkey. Its chief cities were Attalia, Side, and Perga. Pamphylia was not a political unit, except in the provincial administration of Rome, to which it passed after the surrender (188 B.C.) of Antiochus IIIAntiochus III
(Antiochus the Great), d. 187 B.C., king of Syria (223–187 B.C.), son of Seleucus II and younger brother of Seleucus III, whom he succeeded. At his accession the Seleucid empire was in decline.
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an ancient region in southern Asia Minor, between Lycia and Cilicia. According to ancient tradition, Pamphylia was settled in remote antiquity by people from Greece, who mixed with the local inhabitants. In the sixth century B.C. it became part of the Persian kingdom of the Achaemenids, and in the second half of the fourth century B.C. it was captured by Alexander the Great. In the third or second century B.C., it became part of the union of Ptolemaic, Seleucid, and Pergamum states; together with the latter it became a Roman possession in 133 B.C. A single Roman province was formed from Lycia and Pamphylia in A.D. 43. Pamphylia was a developed agricultural region.