Pamplona

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Pamplona

(pämplō`nä), city (1990 pop. 183,525), capital of NavarreNavarre
, Span. Navarra , province (1990 pop. 527,318), N Spain, bordering on France, between the W Pyrenees and the Ebro River. Pamplona is the capital. Land and Economy

Navarre province forms the autonomous region of Navarra.
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, N Spain, on the Arga River. An older spelling is Pampeluna. It is an important communications, agricultural, and industrial center, manufacturing crafts, paper, and chemicals. The Univ. of Navarre (1952) is there.

An ancient city of the BasquesBasques
, people of N Spain and SW France. There are about 2 million Basques in the three Basque provs. and Navarre, Spain; some 250,000 in Labourd, Soule, and Lower Navarre, France; and communities of various sizes in Central and South America and other parts of the world.
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, it was repeatedly captured (5th–9th cent.) by the Visigoths, the Franks, and the Moors, but none of the conquerors—not even CharlemagneCharlemagne
(Charles the Great or Charles I) [O.Fr.,=Charles the great], 742?–814, emperor of the West (800–814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768–814).
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, who took it in 778 and razed its walls—exercised control for long. In 824 the Basque kingdom of Pamplona, later called the kingdom of Navarre, was founded. Pamplona remained the capital of Navarre until 1512, when Ferdinand V united the major part of Navarre with Castile. In the Peninsular WarPeninsular War,
1808–14, fought by France against Great Britain, Portugal, Spanish regulars, and Spanish guerrillas in the Iberian Peninsula. Origin and Occupation
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, Pamplona was taken (1808) by the French and (1813) by the English.

The city is still surrounded by old walls and fortifications and has retained its Gothic cathedral (14th–15th cent.). The celebration of the feast of San Fermin, described in Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises, is marked by running bulls to the bullring. Many residents and visitors run with the bulls through the streets, risking injury and even death.

Pamplona

 

a city in northern Spain, in the Pyrenees, in the Arga River (a tributary of the Aragon) valley. Capital of Naverre Province. Population, 147,200 (1971). Pamplona has chemical, machine-building, pulp and paper, and food-processing industries. It has a university and is a tourist center.

Pamplona

a city in N Spain in the foothills of the Pyrenees: capital of the kingdom of Navarre from the 11th century until 1841. Pop.: 190 937 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Fermin, center, is carried during a procession on the saint's day in Pamplona, Spain, July 7, 2009.
Examiner correspondent Brian Hayhurst (far right) enjoying life in Spain with (from left) Linda Noble, Elaine |Hayhurst, Chrissy Parkin, Allen Conroy, Dennis Midwood, Elaine Conroy, Jack Wells and (at the back) Jeff Parkin A reveller thrown by a cow at the San Fermin |bull festival in Pamplona, Spain, last month
FLORIDA LAWYERS Jorge Sanchez-Galarraga and his son, Daniel Sanchez-Galarraga, ran with the bulls July 8 in Pamplona, Spain.
Based on the tradition in Pamplona, Spain, the four-mile Run of the Bulls is the brainchild of Piper Ruiz, who founded Pink Buffalo Racing, a race management company, in the spring of 2012.
Muscat: The "On the Ball" graphic published in the Times of Oman during the World Cup coverage last year won the prestigious Peter Sullivan Award (Best in Show -- Print Category) in the recently concluded Malofiej International Infographic Awards in Pamplona, Spain.
Marc Bussienne earned his BA in Economics at IESE Business School in Pamplona, Spain.
A bull jumps over revellers who wait for the animal in the bull ring, at the San Fermin festival, in Pamplona, Spain
PAMPLONA, Spain -- Thousands of revelers crammed into the main square and adjacent narrow streets of northern Pamplona on Sunday for the start of Spain's famed San Fermin running of the bulls festival -- a potent mix of adrenaline and alcohol-fueled celebrations that span over a week.
Our findings are consistent with a range of previous studies where time spent watching television was linked to mortality," said lead author Miguel Martinez-Gonzalez, chair of the department of public health at the University of Navarra in Pamplona, Spain.
the study's lead author and professor and chair of the Department of Public Health at the University of Navarra in Pamplona, Spain.
TERRIFYING Kai had a near-death experience at the bull run in Pamplona, Spain
Pamplona, Sha'ban 28, 1434, Jul 7, 2013, SPA -- Four people were taken to hospital for injuries sustained Sunday on the opening day of the annual bull run through the narrow streets of Pamplona, Spain, local media reported.