Born in 32; died in 102. General and diplomat of ancient China. Brother of the historian Pan Ku.
In 73, Pan Ch’ao was sent to East Turkestan (the Western Regions) with a military and diplomatic mission. Taking advantage of the dissatisfaction of the local population with the Hsiung-nu (Hun) rule, Pan Ch’ao achieved the temporary subjugation of the small city-states of East Turkestan. In 90, Pan Ch’ao defeated the troops of the Kushan empire, and in 91 he finally defeated the Hsiung-nu. The victories of Pan Ch’ao led to the development of trade and cultural links between China and the West along the Great Silk Route.