Pan-American Union

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Pan-American Union,

former name for the General Secretariat of the Organization of American StatesOrganization of American States
(OAS), international organization, created Apr. 30, 1948, at Bogotá, Colombia, by agreement of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico,
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 (OAS). It was founded (1889–90) at the first of the modern Inter-American Conferences (see Pan-AmericanismPan-Americanism,
movement toward commercial, social, economic, military, and political cooperation among the nations of North, Central, and South America. In the Nineteenth Century
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) as the Commercial Bureau of the American Republics and changed to the International Bureau of the American Republics in 1902. The name Pan-American Union was adopted in 1910. Created to promote international cooperation, it offered technical and informational services to all the American republics, served as the repository for international documents, and was responsible through subsidiary councils for the furtherance of economic, social, juridical, and cultural relations. In 1948 it was made the General Secretariat for the OAS, although the name was not dropped until 1970. The anniversary of its founding is Pan-American Day.
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References in periodicals archive ?
It relied on Pan-American institutions, the Pan-American Union and the AIIL to rebuild the foundations of the international law of the future.
(17.) From Resolution 40, "International Protection of the Essential Rights of Man" of the Final Act of the Inter-American Conference on Problems of War and Peace, as cited in Inter-American Juridical Committee, "Draft Declaration of the International Rights and Duties of Man and Accompanying Report" (Washington, DC: Pan-American Union, March 1946).
The new Pan-American Union (founded in 1910, and the forerunner of today's Organization of American States) was even open to outside mediation of internal disputes (and this on a continent long attached to the sovereignty of states and, in principle, non-interference in their internal affairs).
For the most part uninterested and distrustful of such initiatives, they resisted Blaine's most ambitious proposals but acquiesced in the creation of a commercial clearing house later known as the Pan-American Union. In spite of a dearth of concrete accomplishment, Blaine's agenda suggested the main directions of the "new diplomacy" with its emphasis on commerce and peace.

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