the name of a plan for a political and economic union of the capitalist states of continental Europe that was advanced during the period between the two world wars.

The idea of such a union was first popularized in 1923 by the Pan-European movement and by the journal Paneuropa, published in Vienna from 1924. The plan was proposed in September 1929 by the French minister of foreign affairs A. Briand and developed in a memorandum of May 1, 1930, from the French government to the governments of the European states. Briand’s plan envisioned the creation of a “European federal union” that excluded the USSR and Great Britain. It sought to establish French hegemony in Europe and promote a policy of keeping the USSR politically isolated. The active opposition of Soviet diplomacy, as well as the negative attitude of Germany, Great Britain, the USA, and other states, led to the collapse of the French project in 1931.

After World War II, the tendency toward the unification of the capitalist states of Europe was reflected in the formation of a number of military, political, and economic organizations, such as the European Economic Community (Common Market).


Kniazhinskii, V. B. Proval planov “ob” edineniia Evropy. “Moscow, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
He has previously led the pan-Europe, the Middle East and Africa research team at Bank of America Merrill Lynch (NYSE: BAC).
Euro 2020 will be a pan-Europe competition to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the tournament.
Mr Borg, thanks to your intervention in 2011, though a bit late, EFSA was forced to change course and take CRA seriously," PAN-Europe says, requesting the European Commission to immediately put an end to the current delay in putting CRA in practice.
This could turn into a "dead letter" the provision in the EU regulation on protecting people against mixture effects, PAN-Europe warned.
The bookmaker says it will face a six-figure payout if Denmark pulls off a win in Malmo, Sweden, in the pan-Europe spectacular being televised by BBC1 and broadcast by Radio 2.
Huw told Business Post: "We've got a strong relationship with Scania and this is a fantastic opportunity to go in their pan-Europe calendar for 2012.
According to data from Thomson Reuters the total volume of pan-Europe equity trading by turnover in September was a[logical not]755 billion, up from a year low point of a[logical not]668.
ACS said that its Managed Mobility Services provides a central source for pan-Europe coverage.
The pan-Europe harmonisation will result in reduced costs and lead-times for itself, for importers and, ultimately, consumers, says the company.
The pan-Europe harmonisation will result in reduced costs and leadtimes for itself, for importers and, ultimately, consumers, says the company.
But the answer could mean diluting national financial authority as EU leaders, including Gordon Brown, seek the long-term security of pan-Europe an alert systems and oversight.
The UK-only food retail analyst is, if not extinct, a very endangered species: it's all done pan-Europe or pan-retail now.

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