Panama, Isthmus of

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Panama, Isthmus of

 

the southeasternmost, narrowest part of Central America. The minimum width of the isthmus is 48 km. The term “Isthmus of Panama” is applied both to the entire country of Panama and to central Panama, the area between the Cordillera de Veraguas in the west and the Cordillera de San Blas in the east. In the second sense, most of the isthmus is a low-lying rolling plain composed mainly of volcanic rocks. The Caribbean side is covered with evergreen tropical forests, and savannas are found along the Gulf of Panama. The Panama Canal crosses the lowest part of the isthmus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.