Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the people constituting the majority of Panama’s population. Panamanians total more than 1.5 million persons (1974, estimate). Their language is Spanish with some lexical borrowings from Indian languages.

About 70 percent of the Panamanians are mestizos and mu-lattoes—descendants of Spanish colonists of the 16th to 18th centuries, as well as later European immigrants (notably Italians), who mixed with native Indians and with Negroes brought from Africa. About 10–12 percent are white and about 12–15 percent Negroes. Most of the rest are Indians—Cuna, Chocó, and Guaymí. Among the Negroes there are many English-speaking Antillanos, the descendants of immigrants who came from the West Indies to work on the Panama Canal and on American plantations. The majority of Panamanians are Catholics, and there are also Protestants, chiefly the Antillanos.

The chief occupation is farming. Bananas, cacao, and several other crops are cultivated on plantations owned by US monopolies, and rice and corn are raised on small peasant farms. Panamanians also work in the Panama Canal Zone, mostly at low-paying jobs. (For the history, economy, and culture of the Panamanians, see and .)


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
Biesanz, J. B., and M. H. Biesanz. The People of Panama. New York, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To say that most Panamanians are worse off now than they were under Noriega is no stretch.
After 92 years since its birth and only seven years under the control of the Panamanian government, the canal faces the challenge of building a third lock that would move ships across the country The waterway now operates at 93% of capacity.
Clean of American politics, once described Panamanian Gen.
But the ubiquitous Yanqui has always elicited an ambivalent response from Panamanians. Although Panama's second president, Belisario Porras, went to Washington in 1906 to ask for official U.S.
Modern Panamanian history has been shaped by its transisthmian canal, which had been a dream since the beginning of Spanish colonization.
government transferred Palo Seco to the Panamanian Ministry of Health.
Javier Carrion and police officials said they think the arms were bought by Panamanians from ex-contras in Nicaragua and resold to the FARC at a markup of as much as 2000%.
One source Buckley probably relies on a bit too much is Guillermo Sanchez Borbon, a brave but excitable Panamanian journalist.
But not for some reporters here, and not for many Panamanians. I'll continue the story in my next column.