Panch Shila

Panch Shila

 

(Hindi; “five principles”), (1) mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty, (2) mutual nonaggression, (3) mutual noninterference in each other’s internal affairs, (4) equality and mutual benefit, and (5) peaceful coexistence. These principles were first worded in the preamble to the agreement between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and India of April 1954. This agreement was concerned with trade and the relations between the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the PRC and India. The Panch Shila was reflected in the decisions of the Bandung Conference of 1955 and in other international documents.

In practice, the Maoist leadership of the PRC subsequently disregarded the Panch Shila.

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References in periodicals archive ?
In April 1954, India set forth the famous 'Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence', or Panch Shila, with China.
In 1954, India and China signed an eight-year agreement on Tibet that set forth the basis of their relationship in the form of Panch Shila (Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence).