Pancratium


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Pancratium

 

a genus of plants of the family Amaryl-lidaceae. The plants are perennial bulbous grasses. They have linear or strap-shaped leaves, leafless flower stalk, and large, white flowers. The inflorescence is an umbel. The perianth has an elongated cylindrical tube and a six-segmented blade with narrow lobes. The fused staminate filaments form a serrate tube, or crown. The fruit is a capsule.

There are approximately 14 species of Pancratium, distributed on the seacoasts of southern Europe, western and southern Asia, and northern and tropical Africa. The USSR has one species, P. maritimum, which grows along the sandy shores of the Black Sea. P. maritimum and P. illyricum are occasionally cultivated as ornamentals. Species of the closely related genus Hymenocallis are sometimes classified among the Pancratium.

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Diapoulis (1980) identified these objects as flowers of the lily Pancratium maritimum, which they do not resemble.
Callias is holding a festive banquet for Lycon's son Autolycus, who has just won the pancratium at the Panathenian games.
Fights take place in exotic locales such as a tropical beach at sunset, a snowy mountain retreat or a dusty, electrically charged pancratium arena.
Proline induces the expression of salt-stress responsive proteins and may improve the adaptation of Pancratium maritimum L.
Many plant-derived drugs to treat cancers are alkaloids, and pancratistatin from Pancratium littorale Jacq.