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Related to Pancreatitis: Gallstones, pancreas, Chronic pancreatitis


Inflammation of the pancreas.



acute or chronic inflammation of the pancreas.

Acute pancreatitis may be edematous, hemorrhagic, necrotic, or purulent. It is caused by overeating; by diseases of the stomach, duodenum, biliary tract, or liver; or by stenosis of the gland’s ducts. In acute pancreatitis the pancreas is digested by its own enzymes—trypsin, chymotrypsin, and lipase. When the gland’s tissue decomposes, kinins are released. They decrease arterial pressure and are a factor in blood circulation disorder of both organic and reflex origin in the pancreas. The kinins also cause bile to flow into the gland’s ducts, which damages their walls.

Acute pancreatitis may be marked by very severe abdominal pains, persistent vomiting, and collapse. Complications are peritonitis, abscesses, cysts of the gland, and diabetes mellitus. The disease is treated by narcotics, antibiotics, vasoconstrictors, and such antienzyme preparations as trasilol and contrical and by A. V. Vishnevskii’s paranephric novocain blockade. Serious complications are treated surgically.

In chronic pancreatitis, the gland’s external and internal secretions gradually become insufficient. The disease is treated by diet, antispasmodics, substitutes, cholegogues, antibiotics, and antienzyme preparations. During periods of remission, the patient may receive treatment at a health resort.


Shelagurov, A. A. Bolezni podzheludochnoi zhelezy. Moscow, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
It is obvious that early diagnosis and management of acute pancreatitis, especially in the case of acute biliary pancreatitis gives much better treatment results [7].
Female gender, pre-cut papillotomy and pancreatic duct contrast injection were the most important risk factors for the development of acute pancreatitis.
Keywords: DW MRI, pancreatitis severity, pancreatitis, contrast-enhanced computed tomography
KEY WORDS: Acute Pancreatitis, Early and Late Oral Refeeding, Length of hospital stay.
The CT scan was used to determine the presence of local complications of acute pancreatitis such as pancreatic necrosis, peripancreatic fluid collections and pancreatic ascites, and to confirm the diagnosis of pancreatitis when this was doubtful.
In clinical settings, the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis (AP) is heavily relied upon the clinical picture and elevated pancreatic enzymes.
Acute pancreatitis is among the most common gastrointestinal causes of inpatient admission to U.
Se han propuesto diversas estrategias para prevenir o reducir la severidad de la pancreatitis posterior a la CPRE.
In uncomplicated hepatitis, however, the incidence of pancreatitis is yet to be ascertained.
Some dogs will display only mild signs such as lack of appetite and lethargy, while growing evidence suggests that some dogs with chronic pancreatitis show no symptoms at all.
The subject of pancreatitis brought Light to Chris and Elizabeth Theisen and their daughter.