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Related to Pancreatitis: Gallstones, pancreas, Chronic pancreatitis


Inflammation of the pancreas.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



acute or chronic inflammation of the pancreas.

Acute pancreatitis may be edematous, hemorrhagic, necrotic, or purulent. It is caused by overeating; by diseases of the stomach, duodenum, biliary tract, or liver; or by stenosis of the gland’s ducts. In acute pancreatitis the pancreas is digested by its own enzymes—trypsin, chymotrypsin, and lipase. When the gland’s tissue decomposes, kinins are released. They decrease arterial pressure and are a factor in blood circulation disorder of both organic and reflex origin in the pancreas. The kinins also cause bile to flow into the gland’s ducts, which damages their walls.

Acute pancreatitis may be marked by very severe abdominal pains, persistent vomiting, and collapse. Complications are peritonitis, abscesses, cysts of the gland, and diabetes mellitus. The disease is treated by narcotics, antibiotics, vasoconstrictors, and such antienzyme preparations as trasilol and contrical and by A. V. Vishnevskii’s paranephric novocain blockade. Serious complications are treated surgically.

In chronic pancreatitis, the gland’s external and internal secretions gradually become insufficient. The disease is treated by diet, antispasmodics, substitutes, cholegogues, antibiotics, and antienzyme preparations. During periods of remission, the patient may receive treatment at a health resort.


Shelagurov, A. A. Bolezni podzheludochnoi zhelezy. Moscow, 1970.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
If results prove to be in favor of BISAP score than it can help in early diagnosis of severe acute pancreatitis, preventing complications and overall mortality can be reduced.
Briefly, we selected patients with pancreatitis as the diagnosis on an electronic medical record (CUMNAVI, Core Create System, Miyazaki, Japan) and biological information management system (PrimeGaia, Nihon Kohden, Tokyo, Japan), and those who received treatment for severe acute pancreatitis in the ICU were selected according to details from the medical information.
Acute pancreatitis is most often linked to gallstones and drinking too much alcohol, but sometimes the cause is unknown.
The present study was a cross sectional study hospital based carried out among 50 indoor cases of acute pancreatitis admitted under department of general medicine in a tertiary healthcare teaching institute in Maharashtra during February 2018 to April 2018.
Currently, there are no reports of patients with necrotic pancreatitis as a complication of valproic acid acute overdose, in patients naive to valproate therapy.
Cats battling pancreatitis tend to have a decreased appetite, can lose weight, act lethargic, and may have diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration.
Similar material was observed in the region of the pancreas, with yellow, red, and tan stippling, interpreted as pancreatitis, fibrinous coelomitis, mesenteric steatitis, and steatonecrosis (Fig 3).
Other than viral pancreatitis, aetiology includes, Haemolytic uraemic syndrome, Systemic lupus, Henoch-Schonlein purpura, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, Cystic fibrosis (CF), Sickle cell disease, Kawasaki disease, Shock/hypo perfusion injury, cholelithiasis, choledochal cyst, biliary sludge and trauma due to motor vehicle accidents or bike handlebar injuries.6 Latter are on the increase in cosmopolitan cities such as Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad.
Elevated serum amylase levels combined with severe abdominal pain often triggered the initial diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Although results of the abdominal ultrasonography were negative, the results of digital radiography were positive for acute pancreatitis.