Pandanus

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pandanus

[pan′dan·əs]
(botany)
Any tree of the genus Pandanus, which contains more than 500 species. It is a characteristic component of the vegetation in the tropics of the Old World, especially on the Pacific islands and along continental coasts. Also known as screw pine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pandanus

 

(screw pines), a genus of monocotyledonous plants of the family Pandanaceae. The plants are treelike and have branched trunks that reach heights of 10–15 m (occasionally 25 m). Adventitious roots grow from the lower part of the trunk and from the branches. Sometimes the lower part of the trunk dies, and the plant is supported by its stilt-like roots. The stiff, linear leaves are 3–4 m long and 10–15 cm wide; they are arranged in two to four spiral rows. The plants are dioecious, and their unisexual flowers are gathered into spadices or, less commonly, panicles. Perianths are absent. The fruits are berries or drupes, which often are somewhat woody and gathered into an aggregate.

There are about 600 species of screw pines, distributed mainly in the tropics of the eastern hemisphere. They grow on seacoasts, along rivers, and in tropical rain forests. Some species, including P. tectorius, P. utilis, and P. fragrans, are cultivated in the tropics for their edible fruits and fibrous leaves. The leaves are used to weave various articles and are processed into industrial fabrics, brushes, and ropes. A number of species, such as P. utilis, are cultivated as ornamentals in greenhouses and homes.

S. S. MORSHCHIKHINA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most efficient set of reflux conditions for Pandan leaf extraction are at MC 78.8% ([X.sub.1]), ET 69.5[degrees]C ([X.sub.2]), and LS ratio of 32.4 mL/g ([X.sub.3]) for maximizing the TF content and AC and 75.1% ([X.sub.1]), 70[degrees]C ([X.sub.2]), and 31.8 mL/g ([X.sub.3]) for maximizing the TP content with consequently high AC.
I found the pandan leaf inedible - though I'm not sure if it's meant to be eaten!
Kick-start your weekend at the Thursday Tapas Supper at Umai, The Oberoi Dubai, to feast on sushi and sashimi from the live cooking stations, teppenyaki from the sizzling grill, dim sum, a la carte dishes for mains, and tapas such as dynamite shrimp wonton, pandan leaf fried chicken, soft shell crab with chimichurri sauce, fresh oysters and foie gras with teriyaki sauce.
"Red bean paste, black bean paste, pandan leaves, it's amazing." He reveals that the new menu at The Chedi, Muscat has a sweet sushi dish with Japanese rice, pandan leaf and choux bread as chopsticks.
After a deliciously spicy and sour Tom Yum Goong soup (I insisted on chicken instead of the prawn soup on the menu), we were treated to a well-presented appetiser platter which included Khong Guang Ruam (Phuket grilled chicken skewer on prawn toasted with peanut sauce), Udon style roasted marinated beef with lemon grass and spicy saw coriander dressing, Ayuttaya fried marinated prawn wrapped with spicy pappya tamarind and Sanpatong glutinous rice in Pandan leaf.
This quintet of appetisers included skewered chicken with peanut sauce, minced pork and shrimp wonton with sweet and sour sauce, marinated chicken wrapped in pandan leaf, spare ribs with herbs and spring rolls with a spiced sauce.
You may combine thinly sliced lemons and cucumber with a pandan leaf and 1 stalk of lemon grass (knot the lemongrass and pandan).
4 Cook the coconut milk with sugar, salt and the pandan leaf. Once the coconut milk starts to boil, remove from heat and set aside to cool down.
She offers something different to the bag market; less 'highbrow' and more casual, the price points of her handwoven and hand-embroidered pandan leaf zippered pochettes and shopper totes, hand-stitched with fun and even inspirational phrases, are very reasonable.