Pandanus


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pandanus

[pan′dan·əs]
(botany)
Any tree of the genus Pandanus, which contains more than 500 species. It is a characteristic component of the vegetation in the tropics of the Old World, especially on the Pacific islands and along continental coasts. Also known as screw pine.

Pandanus

 

(screw pines), a genus of monocotyledonous plants of the family Pandanaceae. The plants are treelike and have branched trunks that reach heights of 10–15 m (occasionally 25 m). Adventitious roots grow from the lower part of the trunk and from the branches. Sometimes the lower part of the trunk dies, and the plant is supported by its stilt-like roots. The stiff, linear leaves are 3–4 m long and 10–15 cm wide; they are arranged in two to four spiral rows. The plants are dioecious, and their unisexual flowers are gathered into spadices or, less commonly, panicles. Perianths are absent. The fruits are berries or drupes, which often are somewhat woody and gathered into an aggregate.

There are about 600 species of screw pines, distributed mainly in the tropics of the eastern hemisphere. They grow on seacoasts, along rivers, and in tropical rain forests. Some species, including P. tectorius, P. utilis, and P. fragrans, are cultivated in the tropics for their edible fruits and fibrous leaves. The leaves are used to weave various articles and are processed into industrial fabrics, brushes, and ropes. A number of species, such as P. utilis, are cultivated as ornamentals in greenhouses and homes.

S. S. MORSHCHIKHINA

References in periodicals archive ?
Tamisari, Franca 2002 'Names and naming: speaking forms into place' in Luise Hercus, Flavia Hodges and Jane Simpson (eds), The land is a map: placenames of Indigenous origin in Australia, Pandanus Books/Pacific Linguistics, Canberra, pp.
When painting the barkcloth with the red substance, the pot is kept on the fire as to make sure the pigment is warm when applied on the cloth, which is done with the dried fruit of the pandanus (imongiti).
Currently pandanus handicraft is the main livelihood project being implemented; however this does not involve the men.
The manufacture of a pandanus tool can be inferred from inspecting missing sections of leaf edge on Pandanus spp.
Delectable finger food came in the form of marinated and fried chicken morsels wrapped in pandanus leaves.
It's a complete nutritious meal, as is the Malay national dish, the banana leaf- wrapped nasi lemak (' fragrant rice'), or rice steamed in a wooden container that looks a miniature barrel of wine, cooked with coconut milk and an aromatic pandanus leaf, and served with sambal belancan ( a tangy shrimp and chilli paste), anchovies and fried egg.
Once the birds were checking the log reliably, the researchers placed a spiky tropical pandanus plant beside the log and hid behind a blind.
A diversity of palms, pandanus and various exotic plants are dotted along sandy beach coves on the east and west shorelines.
My pick of the appetizers would be the combo they call the Ruam Kam Aroy, a platter of five delicious tidbits, including noodles in a curry sauce, chicken fried in pandanus leaves, rice crackers topped with curry, shrimp salad and, intriguingly, lotus petals topped with toasted coconut, chilli, and peanuts.
karuka and marita pandanus, respectively (Pandanus spp.
Villages are hidden behind lines of sheltering coconut trees, pandanus, and stuff I'll never learn the name of but has leaves the size of dinner plates.
It is impossible to tell how old she is, her hands are long and strong with large curved nails hardened by stripping pandanus.