Pandanus


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

pandanus

[pan′dan·əs]
(botany)
Any tree of the genus Pandanus, which contains more than 500 species. It is a characteristic component of the vegetation in the tropics of the Old World, especially on the Pacific islands and along continental coasts. Also known as screw pine.

Pandanus

 

(screw pines), a genus of monocotyledonous plants of the family Pandanaceae. The plants are treelike and have branched trunks that reach heights of 10–15 m (occasionally 25 m). Adventitious roots grow from the lower part of the trunk and from the branches. Sometimes the lower part of the trunk dies, and the plant is supported by its stilt-like roots. The stiff, linear leaves are 3–4 m long and 10–15 cm wide; they are arranged in two to four spiral rows. The plants are dioecious, and their unisexual flowers are gathered into spadices or, less commonly, panicles. Perianths are absent. The fruits are berries or drupes, which often are somewhat woody and gathered into an aggregate.

There are about 600 species of screw pines, distributed mainly in the tropics of the eastern hemisphere. They grow on seacoasts, along rivers, and in tropical rain forests. Some species, including P. tectorius, P. utilis, and P. fragrans, are cultivated in the tropics for their edible fruits and fibrous leaves. The leaves are used to weave various articles and are processed into industrial fabrics, brushes, and ropes. A number of species, such as P. utilis, are cultivated as ornamentals in greenhouses and homes.

S. S. MORSHCHIKHINA

References in periodicals archive ?
hazelae were observed only in November (montane zone) although outside of the study plots, eggs and embryos of this species were found in Pandanus leaf axils along the trail going to Guinsayawan (montane zone).
Hence, the white feathers of the cockatoo, the red juice extracted from cooked Pandanus conoideus fruits or sugar cane, and the viscous leaves of cooked aibika (5) are all perceived to have properties that must be encouraged or counteracted through rules of consumption or prohibition imposed at particular moments or periods of existence.
Even though Solanum melongena and Pandanus amaryllifolius are widespread in several countries and their biochemical compounds are known, the influence of drying and extraction methods on yield and chemical composition of these herbal plants is yet to be investigated.
Pandanus odoratissimus contain the active chemical constituents which serve the medicinal properties: 2-phenyl ethyl alcohol, 2-phenyl ethyl methyl ether, terpinen-4-ol, 3-hydroxy-2-isopropenyl-dihydrobenzofuran-5-carboxylic acid methyl ester, 3-methyl-3-buten-1yl acetate, 3-methyl-3-1 YL-Cinnamate, 3-methyl-3-buten-1yl-acetate-3-methyl-2-buten-1-ylcinnamate, 3,4-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzyl) tetrahydrofuran, a-terpineol, [beta]-carotene, [beta]-sitosterol, benzyl-benzoate, pinoresinol, germacrene B, vitamin C, vinidine, tangerine, 5,8-hydroxy-7-methoxy-flavon.
RFO is obtained from the extraction of red fruit (Pandanus conoideus Lam.).
Delectable finger food came in the form of marinated and fried chicken morsels wrapped in pandanus leaves.
It's a complete nutritious meal, as is the Malay national dish, the banana leaf- wrapped nasi lemak (' fragrant rice'), or rice steamed in a wooden container that looks a miniature barrel of wine, cooked with coconut milk and an aromatic pandanus leaf, and served with sambal belancan ( a tangy shrimp and chilli paste), anchovies and fried egg.
Once the birds were checking the log reliably, the researchers placed a spiky tropical pandanus plant beside the log and hid behind a blind.
A diversity of palms, pandanus and various exotic plants are dotted along sandy beach coves on the east and west shorelines.