Pandya

(redirected from Pandyan Kingdom)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Pandya

 

the dynastic family of Pandya, a state that existed from the third century B.C. to the early 14th century in southern India, in what is now southern Tamil Nadu. The petty Pandya princelings were involved in a complex system of vassal relationships and were usually subordinate to the rulers of the city of Madurai. They conducted an extensive sea trade with Southeast Asia and the West, frequently fought with Ceylon, and carried on a continual struggle with their northern neighbors, including the Pallavas, the Chalukyas of Vatapi, the Rashtrakutas, and the Cholas. The principalities of southern Kerala were usually subordinate to the Pandyas.

In the late tenth and early 11th centuries the Pandya state was conquered by the Cholas, from whose rule it freed itself in the 12th century. It attained its last high point under Jatavarman Sundara Pandya (1251–68), who conquered Ceylon and a number of northern territories. In 1310, Pandya was crushed by Malik Kafur, general of the sultan of Delhi. Princes of the Pandya family continue to be mentioned into the 16th and 17th centuries.

References in periodicals archive ?
My native areas like Korkai [once beautiful harbor area of Pandyan Kingdom located in Tuticorin], Tiruchendur, Tuticorin, Tirunelveli, Nagercoil, Marthandam and Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu have been the hubs of agricultural/fishing activities, for long churning the crop produce and the fish in large numbers.
In Kavya in South India: Old Tamil Cankam Poetry, Herman Tieken argues that these dates are incorrect, and that the corpus of Sangam literature rather belongs to the ninth or tenth century A.D., when it was written by a poet (or poets) in the Pandyan kingdom who wished to create a classical Tamil tradition to rival that of Sanskrit.
As one good example, Korkai, a beautiful hamlet in Tuticorin of Tamil Nadu was once the beautiful port area of the Pandyan Kingdom and due to the natural phenomena of seawater receding from the area, Korkai has now become inland, away from Bay of Bengal.